CORROSION OF SUPPORTING STEEL CONSTRUCTIONS: A NEED IN THE ARCHITECTURE AND DEGREE IN EDIFICATION STUDY PLANS

C. Moron1, D. Ferrandez1, A. Moron1, P. Saiz2

1Universidad Polit├ęcnica de Madrid (SPAIN)
2Universidad Rey Juan Carlos (SPAIN)
The subject of Corrosion and Protection of materials is a core subject and common to several degrees such as: industrial engineering, civil engineering and naval engineering among others, being its knowledge essential for the work of future engineers. Therefore, this subject is a multidisciplinary subject that develops the creativity and focuses on originality of the development and application of ideas, often in the context of research. In addition, it maximizes the student's autonomy and improves their solving capacity, forcing them to face new problems in unfamiliar surroundings related to their area of study. This skill to solve unfamiliar problems helps to the develop of learning competences that will be essential when they have to carry out the practice acquired during the course. This subject improves the student's problem-solving ability and introduces them to a process of continuous training, since it is a leading-edge area and constantly evolving since the last three decades. Despite the mentioned above, some degrees such as the Degree in Building do not currently have a core subject dedicated to the corrosion of supporting steel constructions, and if it is mentioned in any of the structural concrete subjects, it is not studied in depth. This fact is surprising and it is necessary to claim the need of this subject, since the considerable aging of the Spanish building park and the massive building construction carried out in recent years suggest that the future of the construction sector will focus on the works of rehabilitation and restoration. Therefore, the realization of teaching practices that involve the student in a teaching-learning process in which they are the main actors and bring them closer to the reality of the work world, contributes in a positive way to improve the quality of university education and the introduction of new active methodologies. The aim of this work is to plan from the beginning the teaching of Corrosion as a core subject in the Degree of Building, including the contents of a normal teaching guide and specifying possible practices to be carried out in the classroom and that serve to strengthen the theoretical contents taught. To do this, it is proposed a learning methodology based on projects at the university field, eliminating the concept of master class and focusing the teaching in the student, maximizing the activity within the classroom and keeping the attention of the students to be able to reach the planned objectives. It also includes the planning of sessions that serve as support to future teachers who intend to implement similar subjects in undergraduate education, clarifying the evaluation criteria and the temporary management of the subject. The experiences proposed here are based on subjects already established in the degree such as Applied Physics or Domotic, which have shown that through proper classroom planning and teaching practices, students can make the most of the time within the classroom, decreasing the refusal to ask in classroom and promoting the use of new technologies. Thus, there is a solid basis to confirm that the indicators presented can be carried out and the subject is necessary, feasible and can be implemented in the short term if desired. It also includes evaluable learning standards, as well as the minimum requirements and scope of the subject.