About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 3306-3314
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-617-8491-2
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2017.0842

Conference name: 11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 6-8 March, 2017
Location: Valencia, Spain

HOW TO IMPROVE READING COMPREHENSION AND PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS IN STUDENTS. A PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT-RESEARCH PROJECT WITH TEACHERS

G. Moretti, A. Giuliani, A. Morini

Roma Tre University (ITALY)
The research was conducted within a professional development-research project with 24 teachers of italian primary and middle school. With the professional development-research project we wanted to improve the quality of the institute’s curriculum by qualifying the instructional design and the didactic practices of the teachers. The main objective was to promote in students the development of “learn to learn” skill, which characterizes the European framework and, in Italy, the National Guidelines for the Curriculum (Ryjchen & Salganik, 2000; MIUR, 2002; Asquini, 2014; Marcuccio, 2015).

The research hypothesis is that the use in the didactic practices of assessment tools that require students to solve “real-life” problematic situations for an “authentic assessment” could promote the development of reading comprehension and problem solving skills. To ensure students to gain familiarity with that type of tests, innovative teaching approaches are required. In this perspective, teachers have to utilize in the didactic practices appropriate assessment tools and reflect with students about the decision making processes required by these type of tests.

The teachers' professional development-research project focuses on the need to establish a continuous balance between instructional designing, operating contexts and skills assessment. These skills are consolidated through reflection, comparison and discussion between teachers and students (Weeden, Winter & Broadfoot, 2002; Felisatti & Rizzo, 2007; Domenici et al., 2016). With the support of experts from Roma Tre University, teachers were involved in in heterogeneous working groups: to elaborate semi-structured tests that propose to students problematic situations related to “real-life” (Wiggins, 1998; Tessaro, 2014; Moretti, Giuliani & Morini, 2015); to elaborate grids with the right answers to use in the assessment process; to conduct the try-out in the classrooms; to review the tests on the basis of the evidence showed by the try-out phase.

The exploratory research was conducted with a mixed-method approach and were used both qualitative and quantitative tools (Baldacci, 2001; Johnson et al., 2007; La Marca, 2014): semistructured tests based on “real-life” and “authentic” problems; dialogical reflection with students; focus groups and a questionnaire to find out the opinions of teachers on the professional development-research project.

The results of the professional development-research project confirm the possibility to improve students’ development of reading comprehension and of problem solving skills through the use of tests based on “real-life” and “authentic” problems. The group-works made for the construction of tests and the reflection about the results of the students represent a strategy that can enhance the effectiveness of teacher professional development courses.
@InProceedings{MORETTI2017HOW,
author = {Moretti, G. and Giuliani, A. and Morini, A.},
title = {HOW TO IMPROVE READING COMPREHENSION AND PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS IN STUDENTS. A PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT-RESEARCH PROJECT WITH TEACHERS},
series = {11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2017 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-617-8491-2},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2017.0842},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2017.0842},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {6-8 March, 2017},
year = {2017},
pages = {3306-3314}}
TY - CONF
AU - G. Moretti AU - A. Giuliani AU - A. Morini
TI - HOW TO IMPROVE READING COMPREHENSION AND PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS IN STUDENTS. A PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT-RESEARCH PROJECT WITH TEACHERS
SN - 978-84-617-8491-2/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2017.0842
PY - 2017
Y1 - 6-8 March, 2017
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2017 Proceedings
SP - 3306
EP - 3314
ER -
G. Moretti, A. Giuliani, A. Morini (2017) HOW TO IMPROVE READING COMPREHENSION AND PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS IN STUDENTS. A PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT-RESEARCH PROJECT WITH TEACHERS, INTED2017 Proceedings, pp. 3306-3314.
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