EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION OF PATIENTS WITH NEUROLOGICAL CONDITIONS. WRITTEN COMMUNICATION DISORDERS

U. Mirecka, A. Domagała

Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin (POLAND)
During university-level teaching it is necessary to teach students on the problems of education and rehabilitation of disabled persons. Our poster presents the results of studies on written communication disorders in patients with neurological conditions as exemplified by infantile cerebral palsy and neurodegenerative diseases: Alzheimer’s disease and cerebellar-olivary degeneration. Pathological phenomena were recorded, pertaining to the text and its: 1/ microstructure, 2/ macrostructure, 3/ superstructure, taking into account the specificity of the information transmission channel in the case of written utterances. Spelling and graphic aspects of the products of writing activities in the studied subjects were assessed. In patients with speech disorders the co-occurrence of written communication difficulties significantly reduces the possibility of communication of linguistic information. This is illustrated by representative samples of written utterances obtained in the course of our diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Problems with communication by writing diagnosed in patients impact the quality of contacts with the environment and the functioning in everyday life.
The purpose of the poster is to present a new technique for diagnosing graphomotor disturbances, which was development as part of the research project “Written Communication disturbances” (Project no. N N 106 1885 33 MNiSW [Ministry of Science and Higher Education]; project manager – Dr U. Mirecka, main project executors Prof. S. Grabias, Dr A. Domagała). We propose a presentation of graphomotor functions which is based on the combination of two aspects of graphomotor activities: their course and product. This is reflected in the Profile of Graphomotor Skills, which we have developed.