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Appears in:
Pages: 8049-8055
Publication year: 2016
ISBN: 978-84-617-5895-1
ISSN: 2340-1095
doi: 10.21125/iceri.2016.0846

Conference name: 9th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 14-16 November, 2016
Location: Seville, Spain

UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS AWARENESS OF TOBACCO SMOKING AS A CONTROL FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A TRANSVERSAL CLINICAL CASE IN THE DEGREE OF PHARMACY

I. Metón, R. Giménez, T. Cambras, D. Pubill, M. Rodamilans

Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Farmàcia i Ciències de l'Alimentació (SPAIN)
The teaching group work “transversal clinical cases” group of the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences (CCT-FARMA; Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain) introduced a teaching innovation project based on the use of clinical cases as a tool to implement transversal education, from the first to the fifth year of the Pharmacy degree, and to avoid excessive compartmentalization of the acquired knowledge. In addition to promote integrated knowledge acquisition, this project aimed to improve student awareness about the impact on public health of clinical cases with high prevalence among populations and of epidemiological interest. The first implemented case was alcohol consumption due to its high prevalence among undergraduate students. The results of this experience, although interesting from the point of view of the methodology and the social impact among students, were not conclusive enough to fully evaluate evidences of teaching innovations.

In the present study, the CCT-FARMA group introduced a clinical case dealing with the health effects of tobacco smoking. The applied methodology includes changes in teaching strategy, learning activities and modes of evaluation. To assess the overall efficiency of the new project it is essential to obtain control data from students that did not received specific training on the clinical case. To this end, analysis of background knowledge of the effect of tobacco smoking on health in undergraduate students of Pharmacy degree, previous to the introduction of the clinical case, was performed by means of a presential, voluntary and anonymous test applied to first- (n = 203) and fifth-year (n = 166) undergraduate students. The test includes: i) objective issues about acquired knowledge along the curriculum studies; and ii) subjective issues about the student perception concerning acquisition of this knowledge.

As expected, our findings show that the fifth-year students exhibited a more specific understanding of smoking effects on health. Thus, compared to first-year students they succesfully addressed technical questions specifically acquired during the degree. Furthermore, 91 % of fifth-year students (versus 15 % of first-year students) considered that the curricular itinerary of the degree has offered them sufficient knowledge to understand the health effects of tobacco smoking (p<0.001). By contrast, the familiar and social environment showed greater influence on first-year students in regards of the relationships between health and smoking (89 % versus 73 %; p<0.001). In addition, fifth-year students deemed that the acquired knowledge during the Pharmacy degree will prevent them from tobacco use (70 % versus 52 %; p<0.05) and feel more competent as future pharmacists (99 % versus 91 %; p<0.01).

The results obtained will be used as a control to assess knowledge acquisition and integration capacity to implement the tranversal clinical case about health consequences of tobacco smoking in the degree of Pharmacy.
@InProceedings{METON2016UND,
author = {Met{\'{o}}n, I. and Gim{\'{e}}nez, R. and Cambras, T. and Pubill, D. and Rodamilans, M.},
title = {UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS AWARENESS OF TOBACCO SMOKING AS A CONTROL FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A TRANSVERSAL CLINICAL CASE IN THE DEGREE OF PHARMACY},
series = {9th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2016 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-617-5895-1},
issn = {2340-1095},
doi = {10.21125/iceri.2016.0846},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2016.0846},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {14-16 November, 2016},
year = {2016},
pages = {8049-8055}}
TY - CONF
AU - I. Metón AU - R. Giménez AU - T. Cambras AU - D. Pubill AU - M. Rodamilans
TI - UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS AWARENESS OF TOBACCO SMOKING AS A CONTROL FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A TRANSVERSAL CLINICAL CASE IN THE DEGREE OF PHARMACY
SN - 978-84-617-5895-1/2340-1095
DO - 10.21125/iceri.2016.0846
PY - 2016
Y1 - 14-16 November, 2016
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 9th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2016 Proceedings
SP - 8049
EP - 8055
ER -
I. Metón, R. Giménez, T. Cambras, D. Pubill, M. Rodamilans (2016) UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS AWARENESS OF TOBACCO SMOKING AS A CONTROL FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A TRANSVERSAL CLINICAL CASE IN THE DEGREE OF PHARMACY, ICERI2016 Proceedings, pp. 8049-8055.
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