A PLATFORM OF SOCIAL CAPACITIES INTERNET FOR PERSONS WITH AUTISM
F. Mesatfa Fessy1
, J. Fessy2
, E. Cappe1
, J.L. Adrien1
1Laboratoire de Psychopathologie et Processus de Santé (EA N°4057), Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Institut de psychologie, Paris (FRANCE)
2Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, IUT, Paris (FRANCE)
The persons with autism present disorders of the communication and in social interactions. This article presents a work to investigate the role of the Internet tool in the life of the adolescent and adults autistic persons. Through their presence and the use which they have of these environments on the Web, information on their living conditions can be brought to light, as well as perspectives of education and accompaniment.
This study bases itself on a confrontation of reports: (1) The persons with autism present difficulties in particular of the communication and the social interactions. (2) Now, "Internet" became a universal communications tool very widely used by people.
This study answers the following questions:
- Do the persons with autism use the Internet communications tool? If yes:
- What types of platforms do they choose?
- What information do they exchange?
- What are the main advantages of this communication?
- What tools can we propose to persons with autism to improve their communication?
First, we present the context: the autism, and the Asperger syndrome.
Next, we analyse their use on Web tools and their communication needs and specificities. To realize this study, the IT variety of tools imposes a methodical approach to detect the presence of the persons with autism on the various platforms and what they do. This approach based on the observation was made in four big stages: the inventory of the interesting platforms, the analysis of the information found on each of these platforms, the structuralization of the information collected for the storage in a database and the interpretation. The use of the Internet tools offers numerous positive aspects to the persons with autism. The specificities of the communication on Internet can compensate for the disorders of the verbal and not verbal communication of the persons in exchange.
Finally, we present a platform of social capacities based on Web technologies. With this platform, persons with autism could learn and improve their communication abilities coached by specialists.