BIOETHICS RELATED TO STUDENTS ENROLLED AT MEXICAN DENTISTRY AND MEDICINE UNDERGRADUATE AND GRADUATE PROGRAMS
The insertion of bioethics as a subject at undergraduate and graduate medical and dental schools at mexican universities, including among them the University of Michoacán (Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo), based students not only to master scientific concepts, methodologies and heuristic skills in those health areas, but involve a whole work in accordance to universal values. Note that subjects related to ethical concepts banished for decades at the different levels of education in Mexico, have been reintegrated into the educational programs in 2012. In this sense, students and even teachers, have no solid ethical concepts, which have directly influenced on the lack of values in the actual Mexican society, especially in unprotected social sectors and more over in people without education.
The reintegration of ethics in the current educational programs in Mexico, including health areas, promotes bioethics with human values, including life respect and the preservation of patients dignity, in order to take care of them as real patients and not as only "ways" to learn. Also seeks to encourage rational reflection to the problems of life, and the problems derived from health and disease processes. In this context, it is intended that both teachers and students lacking such concepts may integrate their life and professional practice settings to ethics. The recent inclusion of ethics and bioethics into university education in the actual curriculum at our faculties of dentistry and medicine, would aim to start in the student a solid background regarding a correct life performance which in turn would benefit their patients. Finally, teachers to teach bioethics have been proposed to initiate the process of teaching bioethics at the fifth grade of medicine and at the first grade of dentistry undergraduate programs and included as a transversal matter at dentistry specialties. Thus, this work aims to inform the current lack of values in Mexico, but at the same time to inform the the inclusion of ethics proposed by the current government at the different educational levels which will led to retake the importance of moral principles and values at the mexican actual educational system.