BRAZILIAN NATIONAL PROGRAM OF EDUCATIONAL BOOKS FOR PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY, AND BIOLOGY: CONSOLIDATION OF AN EDITORIAL POLICY
1 Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais (BRAZIL)
2 University of Castilla-La Mancha (SPAIN)
3 Universidade do Estado de Minas Gerais (BRAZIL)
4 University of Alicante (SPAIN)
5 Copra company limited (SPAIN)
About this paper:
Conference name: 14th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 2-4 March, 2020
Location: Valencia, Spain
Abstract:When analyzing the income of Spanish publishers in Brazil, it is relevant to understand how those companies’ infrastructure is determined by the working conditions in a portuguese-speaking country as extensive and populous as Brazil. In 2018, Brazil had a population of more than 214 million people with just 6 million of Spanish speakers.
The SM Group (Santillana Group) was born with the dedication work of several teachers in a small Spanish province, and its original commitment remains true until today. SM came to Brazil in 2004, and nowadays it is considered an important publishing group in the country. In fact, the Group achieved the second and fifth places for teacher´s choice in the Brazilian National Program of Educational Books (BNPEB) in 2015 for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, respectively for the To Be Protagonist (SP, Sao Paulo) collection.
In this work we present an analysis of the SP Physics textbook collection recommended by the Brazilian Didactic Book Program (PNLD) 2015, based on its organization and typology of contents was categorized as Conceptual (C), Procedural (P) and Attitudinal (A). This SP collection presents a traditional content organization with emphasis on mathematical concepts and definitions.
The methodology was to analyze the five collections of the Physics curriculum component among the fourteen recommended by the PNLD 2015. For the analysis, we selected the two most important collections (FB, SP) and least important collections (CFA, QF), distributed according to data provided by the FNDE, including the SP collection, a collection that ranks second among the most chosen by professors. The one most cited by professors (FCA) was also considered, and we obtained a total of 4231 pages analyzed.
The results show that there is a predominance of the conceptual contents (C) over the others and that these contents appear associated to the procedural and attitudinal (CP, CA, CPA). There is a predominance of procedural conceptual content (CP), Type "Establishment of relationships between facts, phenomena and ideas", in the exercises by quantity presented in the Solved Exercises and Proposed Exercises sections which focuses more on the mathematical resolution to the detriment of concepts.
In comparison with other Physics collections approved by BNPEB 2015, the SP collection shows a large percentage of pages with CP content (75%) and, respectively, the highest CPA (1.3%) and the lowest C (17 %) content indexes. This data shows the consolidation of the SM publisher with great results in the Physical discipline which reflects that they understood the requirements of the BNPEB and the teaching expectations of Physics, important aspects for professionals in the educational field and editorials.
Keywords: Textbooks, typology of contents, publisher, science, physics.