About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 1242-1254
Publication year: 2016
ISBN: 978-84-608-8860-4
ISSN: 2340-1117
doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2016.1256

Conference name: 8th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 4-6 July, 2016
Location: Barcelona, Spain

EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS OF RECENT GRADUATES: HIRING, MATCHING SKILLS AND JOBS, AND DIFFICULTIES FINDING A JOB IN PRE-ECONOMIC AND ECONOMIC CRISIS

J.F. Martínez-Cerdá, J. Torrent-Sellens

Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (SPAIN)
The main objective of this paper is to analyse three of the more relevant factors in relation to employability skills of recent graduates: hiring, matching skills and jobs, and difficulties finding a job. Taking into account the current economic context and its relation to labor market, these three dimensions are studied in three years related to pre-economic and economic crisis: 2008, 2011 and 2014. This paper uses different variables related to hiring (8 indicators), matching skills and jobs (14 indicators) and difficulties finding a job (7 indicators) from the survey of the employment outcomes of the graduate population from Catalan universities, a research project coordinated by the Agència per a la Qualitat del Sistema Universitari de Catalunya (AQU).

Exploratoy Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) done with skills developed and learnt in traditional universities prove that:
i) hiring has three components: management, theoretical-practical, and instrumental (N>=10,000, p=0.000, CFI>=0.958, SRMR<=0.049, RMSEA<=0.079, in 2008, 2011 and 2014;
ii) matching skills and jobs has five components: management, theoretical-practical, instrumental, academic, and communication (N>=12,000, p=0.000, CFI>=0.945, SRMR<=0.03, RMSEA<=0.075, in 2008, 2011 and 2014); and
iii) difficulties finding a job has three components: instrumental, personal aspiration, and employability (N>=375, p<=0.100, CFI>=0.960, SRMR<=0.038, RMSEA<=0.074, in 2008, 2011 and 2014).

Results allow us to observe that, both in periods prior to the economic crisis and during periods of economic crisis:
i) the dimensions associated with skills learnt in tradicional universities, which are related to hiring, matching skills and jobs, and difficulties finding a job, remain constant over time;
ii) the number of factors associated to each dimension of skills linked to hiring, matching skills and jobs, and difficulties finding a job is kept constant;
iii) management, theoretical-practical, and instrumental skills are necessary factors in hiring, matching skills and jobs;
iv) instrumental skills are relevant in hiring, matching skills and jobs, and difficulties finding a job.

Consequently, affinities between dimensions and professional skills are found, helping to suggest a recommendation for developing certain skills in degree programmes that want to prepare their students to success in finding a job.
@InProceedings{MARTINEZCERDA2016EMP,
author = {Mart{\'{i}}nez-Cerd{\'{a}}, J.F. and Torrent-Sellens, J.},
title = {EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS OF RECENT GRADUATES: HIRING, MATCHING SKILLS AND JOBS, AND DIFFICULTIES FINDING A JOB IN PRE-ECONOMIC AND ECONOMIC CRISIS},
series = {8th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies},
booktitle = {EDULEARN16 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-608-8860-4},
issn = {2340-1117},
doi = {10.21125/edulearn.2016.1256},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/edulearn.2016.1256},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Barcelona, Spain},
month = {4-6 July, 2016},
year = {2016},
pages = {1242-1254}}
TY - CONF
AU - J.F. Martínez-Cerdá AU - J. Torrent-Sellens
TI - EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS OF RECENT GRADUATES: HIRING, MATCHING SKILLS AND JOBS, AND DIFFICULTIES FINDING A JOB IN PRE-ECONOMIC AND ECONOMIC CRISIS
SN - 978-84-608-8860-4/2340-1117
DO - 10.21125/edulearn.2016.1256
PY - 2016
Y1 - 4-6 July, 2016
CI - Barcelona, Spain
JO - 8th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
JA - EDULEARN16 Proceedings
SP - 1242
EP - 1254
ER -
J.F. Martínez-Cerdá, J. Torrent-Sellens (2016) EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS OF RECENT GRADUATES: HIRING, MATCHING SKILLS AND JOBS, AND DIFFICULTIES FINDING A JOB IN PRE-ECONOMIC AND ECONOMIC CRISIS, EDULEARN16 Proceedings, pp. 1242-1254.
User:
Pass: