Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera (SPAIN)
About this paper:
Appears in: ICERI2010 Proceedings
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 5348-5355
ISBN: 978-84-614-2439-9
ISSN: 2340-1095
Conference name: 3rd International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 15-17 November, 2010
Location: Madrid, Spain
In Spain, there is a postgraduate degree “Master of Secondary Education Teacher (SET) and High School Training." that makes possible the secondary schoolteacher profession. This title is regulated by the Ministry of Education and is based on the following rules:
Education Law 2 / 2006, May 3; Resolution of December 17, 2007, the Universities and Research State Secretarial; ECI/3858/2007 Order of 27 December; Royal Decree 1834/2008 of 8 November; Delors Report; Guidelines for the Development of Academic Degrees and Masters Degree. Secretary of State for Universities and Research of the Ministry of Education and Science, December 2006; Royal Decree 1393/2007 of 29 October.
The origin of this qualification is the Pedagogic Aptitude Certificate (PAC) and the need to change it. This title was regulated by Ministerial Decree of July 14, 1971 and the Organic Law of Education refers to it with the intent of implanting the Specialization Degree Teacher Education (DTE). The PAC has produced experiences and innovations that now are useful in the starting point for the new initial training of future teachers of secondary education, and it provides data that help to organize and be specific about the curriculum and the development of the new University Master. In spite of regulatory (Master) and education (EHEA) frameworks are new and different and the PAC does not adapt to the actual needs of teacher education and the demands of modern education system. A model teacher education must take into account the following training needs: 1) Multidisciplinary knowledge of the subject to teach. 2) Knowledge of school context. 3) Psycho-pedagogical knowledge. 4) Specific didactic training. 5) Working knowledge of teaching.
Besides, in education are important the human values and the personal qualities and we highlight: teaching vocation, commitment to education, humanity, camaraderie, critical spirit and flexibility to renew. The reflective teacher type is the adaptation that the educational needs today.
The Master tries to solve the poor pedagogical training of secondary schoolteachers, and it is consistent with the process of convergence towards the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). It also takes into account the desire of the European Commission to promote a policy of teacher education aimed at developing an attractive profession, allowing mobility between European countries, situated in the context of learning throughout life, encourage collaboration among teachers and social environment and, finally, encourage the possibility of education research; thus, innovation in the classroom will come as a direct result of the teacher's own work.
In this framework, the Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera offers a postgraduate degree that, on the one hand, it meets the requirements according to the EHEA and, moreover, is innovative and specific because it includes humanistic and Christian orientation that characterizes the CEU. The master has a structure so that students can learn to teach. The duration is one academic year (60 ECTS). It has a theoretical and a practical part. In the theoretical part, in the classroom, master teachers applied the teaching methodologies that the student will use in future. During the practicum module, the student knows the school functioning and education programs. In addition, the student makes a Final Project that includes: a programming matter, developing a teaching unit and the module practicum memory.