M.A. Martínez, E. Ramos, I. Ares, M. Martínez, V. Castellano

Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Veterinary Faculty (SPAIN)
Nowadays the university is in a develop situation, indeed all the educative community is changing, we are all reconsidering the traditional lectures, its drawbacks and how to improve the students performance. Some of the inconvenient we found in the traditional lectures are the large number of students per lecture which causes a difficulty in attention and comprehension. With 100 or 200 of students per lecture is impossible to give an assurance of learning outcomes, some people still believe that with this teaching method there is a direct outcome of knowledge. However, it has been shown that students in traditional lectures retain only about 5% of the lecture content. The information is transferred only passively to the students by teaching with traditional lectures. It is a fact that traditional lectures still are necessary but not enough, at this point we find the tutorial lectures as an instrument for the students to develop good study attitudes, critical thinking and studying skills, as well as learning how to use information technology (IT) and communication skills as a life-long process.
A tutorial lecture is a teaching session arranged for one student or a small group of students, who meet with the tutor. The function of the tutorial lecture is to enable the student to develop a deeper understanding of the subject and to communicate with confidence in oral debate. Another fact that the tutorial lecture must involve is personal advice, this question should be treated more extensively.
In a tutorial lecture we try to give to the students the more complete offer we can, we try to cover; discussion to check that they understand recent material given in the course, to give advice about dealing assignments (planned reading, essay plan), feedback on assignments, and study skills support.
Also it is important to give some advices to the students before the tutorial lecture. We find interesting to remember them to prepare the work set for the tutorial, don’t be shy about contributing with their ideas, be receptive to constructive criticism and learn to modify their ideas, to incorporate alternative arguments, and not to be afraid to acknowledge problems and seek advice.
Frequently we ask students about how they feel about the tutorial lectures, and what would they improve them. In general, most of them feel comfortable, in our experiences we have seen that the key to succeed with them lies in good atmosphere, good tutors, good connexion, good educational facilities, and mainly giving the student enough free time for learning.
To plan an academic year tutorial lectures we find necessary to create a method which will be the guide to follow during the current year. Firstly it is important to determine the learning objectives, and specific activities to achieve them, like watching videos, classes discussion, using real and practical examples, reading journal articles or textbooks, manipulating databases of the subject, engage in individual or collaborative problem-solving and listening to lectures given by guests experts. There are many different activities that can improve a subject, it must be the teacher the one who select the suitable ones.
The aim of this work is to promote the use of the tutorial lectures as a tool to reach better learning results.