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USER REQUIREMENTS AND ANALYSIS OF PREECLAMPSIA DETECTION DONE THROUGH A SMART BRACELET

I. Marin, A. Vasilateanu, B. Pavaloiu, N. Goga

University Politehnica of Bucharest (ROMANIA)
Medical students along with the medical staff have to monitor the state of the patients by using modern devices which have to offer precise results in a short amount of time, so that the intervention to be done as soon as possible. They should be able to undergo different situations and to apply several theoretical cases for understanding the patient's state. These needs have been fulfilled during the last years due to the advance of Information and Communications Technology that allowed to register and interpret a large amount of data coming from patients who suffer from several illnesses. E-learning systems for blood pressure monitoring are used and new methods of patient observation, evaluation and treatment are applied compared to classical intervention. Doctors can analyze different cases and put a diagnosis through a collaborative virtual environment. Based on this, medical students can improve their knowledge for the practical training.
In the medical activities specialized devices occupy an important place. A device that can monitor the blood pressure is a smart bracelet that incorporates a pressure sensor along the wrist for continuous recording of blood pressure values. This enables the prediction of the emergency disorders using a decision support system. It facilitates the learning of new intervention approaches and boosts the responsiveness among learners. The bracelet is part of an international research project funded by the European Union. The partners that collaborate in this project are from Romania and France. The project is innovative because it predicts hypertension during pregnancy. According to the World Health Organization, hypertensive disorders affect about 10% of pregnant women worldwide and are an important cause of disability and long-term death among mothers and children. This paper is based on a survey completed by persons of different ages and having various specialization domains regarding the use of smart bracelets for detecting preeclampsia. The aim is to decide upon its popularity among people and to determine the user requirements. The pregnant women will be constantly monitored, doctors can update the diagnosis of the patient, as well as they can discuss with each other through a collaborative virtual environment. Alerts will be sent to doctors in case of critical circumstances that threaten the life of the mother, as well as that of the baby. The medical students can learn from the critical situations and benefit from these cases while learning. The results of the survey showed that most of the interviewed persons consider the existence of such a device to be very useful, mostly the female individuals would feel more comfortable to have their blood pressure monitored during pregnancy.