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MODERN TEACHING METHODS USED IN PRESCHOOL EDUCATION FOR THE LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

E.L. Mara

Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu (ROMANIA)
Preschool and school age is a period that is characterized by remarkable creative potential. Now children acquire the skill to express their ideas, impressions, thoughts, desires in a new, intelligent, cursive, creative way. If this period is not exploited, the losses that occur will be high and the subsequent recoveries will be partial and often minimal. During the years spent in the kindergarten, the children acquire much knowledge from the various experiential domains, and their vocabulary is enriched, towards the end of the kindergarten their expression is much clearer and more grammatical, the children demonstrating active development of thinking, and not only. Educational-educational experience in the kindergarten demonstrates the improvement and cultivation of oral language, the development of speech being closely related to it, if various exercises of oral expression, verbal pronunciation and verbal creativity have been carried out over the years.

Activities of various types of communication, free dialogue in role games in particular, the formation of children's skills to express their thoughts in an orderly and coherent manner, the gradual acquisition of correct grammatical structures of the language have a very important role in the development of language at preschool. Developing correct speech and learning language should be a permanent interest from educators. Language is the most direct and often the most accessible way for preschoolers to express creativity. Through all the activities of language education in the kindergarten, the ability to express accurate, comprehensible, cursive expression is sought. Children need to be able to express their needs, thoughts and feelings, to be able to communicate with each other and with adults. To consciously create the child must have examples, live among stories, stories, quality poetry. In the language education activities, as well as in the activities in the other experiential domains, in the 3-4 years of kindergarten, there is a development and improvement of the phonetic, lexical and grammatical language. Improving the language of preschool children is of particular importance both for the integration of children in school and for the development of the whole personality.