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E.L. Mara

Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu (ROMANIA)
Theoretical aspects concerning the approaches to English language teaching, covers within the requirements of the National English Curriculum correlated to the perspectives of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages and the eight key competences stipulated by the European Reference Framework. We analyse the structural elements of the most important approaches to teaching English, outlining the transition from a passive teacher – centred view to an active student – centred methodology, in other words, from uniformity to diversity and differentiation in the teaching and learning process. Present-day theories acknowledge the necessity of encouraging the learners to interact, explore and evaluate in order to become active participants and be able to adapt and cope with the demands of the nowadays society. The importance of teaching grammar to high-school students, and upon different types of techniques and activities, both designed to introduce language forms to students and to get them to practise the acquired knowledge in order to develop their communicative skills. Further on, we introduce an approach to consolidating language structures, as a significant part of the learning process, which lends itself to the prerequisites of an active strategy.