HOLISTIC AND SERIALISTIC THINKING AS A FACTOR INFLUENCING TEXT COMPREHENSION AND STRATEGY FOR DEALING WITH TASKS

M. Malcik, M. Miklosikova

VSB Technical University of Ostrava (CZECH REPUBLIC)
Some experts dealing with learning styles and optimizing the educational process believe that educational material should be designed so as to substantially match either holistic or serialistic thinking of students. Its view justify the assertion that if students receive training materials that are contrary with their learning styles, learning can be difficult and inefficient. According to current researches using eyetracking, individual differences in eye movement patterns may be related to different ways of text processing, to comprehension difficulties, etc. They also depend on the nature of the text. Particular question is how reading takes place in case of using figurative (visual) language, e.g. in case of concept maps, or fixed text. One of the aims of the paper is to verify the visual patterns of information retrieval from screen for comprehension and solving using eyetracking technology.