SCHOOL EDUCATION AND ITS IMPORTANCE INFORMATION ABOUT THE MEDICATION
1 Instituto Politécnico de Viseu (PORTUGAL)
2 Escola Superior de Saúde (PORTUGAL)
About this paper:
Appears in: INTED2015 Proceedings
Publication year: 2015
Conference name: 9th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 2-4 March, 2015
Location: Madrid, Spain
The ability to understand written or verbal information is critical to modern life and the literature recognizes that the level of education is reflected in the individual's ability to make informed choices. Education is a factor of great relevance for the treatment, since from this data we can determine the understanding that the patient has about the disease and its consequences, and also covers the medication. Thus, information about the medication has an important role in the safe and correct use of prescribed treatment and in the success of the treatment of the disease.
Patient’s satisfaction with the information about medication is a multifaceted construct that reflects whether the patient received sufficient information about a variety of topics related to the prescribed medication.
Relate the education with the satisfaction of the information about the medication.
This is a descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional study. It was performed on 254 patients with ischemic heart disease who were in follow-up consultation in the hospital at the time of the questionnaire application. The patients had a mean age of 66,94 years (SD=11,62), 74% were male, 73,2% were "married", 69,3% had education up to the “4th grade”, 57,1% lived in a “village”, 70,1% were retired, 49,6% had an income below one “minimum wage” and 51,6% reported “having some economic difficulties”. Data collection was performed through a self-administered questionnaire to sociodemographic characterization, Satisfaction with Information about Medication (SIM) and sub-scales: Action and Use of Medication (AUM), Potential Problems of Medication (PPM) and Measure Treatment Adherence.
It was used the chi-square and linear regression in SPSS version 20.0 for Windows.
The average years of education is 4,2 years and 69,3% had education up to the “4th grade”.
40,9% of patients were satisfied with the information about AUM and 41,9% were satisfied with the information about PPM. Only 32,7% were satisfied with the overall information of medication.
Men were more satisfied with the information about AUM (45,7% vs. 27,3%; X2=0, 984; p=0,032) and with the overall information (37,2% vs. 19,7%; X2=7,603; p=0,022). Women were more unsatisfied with information about PPM (50% vs. 34%; X2=7,603; p=0,049).
We found that the education was responsible for:
- 5,1% of the variation of the satisfaction of the information about AUM (β=0,226; t=3,684; p=0,000);
- 6,4% of the variation of the satisfaction of the information about the PPM (β=0,253; t=4,11; p=0,000);
- 7,5% of the variation of the satisfaction of the information about medication (β=0,273; t=4,751; p=0,000);
- In sum, the higher the education, the more satisfied the patient will be regarding the information about medication.
Provide information to patients about treatment is one of the nurse's responsibilities.
It is not enough to provide written information in a standardized form, because that does not guarantee the proper use of medication. Instead, the information to be provided to the patient, in the context of health education, should take into account their education. So, they will have some conditions that allow them to participate in the decisions about their treatment.
Keywords: School Education, Health Education, Satisfaction with Information, Treatment Adherence.