M-LEARNING FOR THE ELDERLY: MAPPING OF DIGITAL COMPETENCIES
M-learning is a field with many possibilities in education. There are initiatives to map actions that include mobile devices as inclusive practices in teaching, with the aim of contributing to the development of digital competencies. On the other hand, it is noticed that the elderly are increasingly seeking courses to learn how to handle mobile technologies. In this sense, it is necessary that the education also investigate possible actions that propitiate m-learning for the elderly, from the competencies necessary for this public to use the mobile devices. In the present study, the term competence is understood as a set of Knowledge, Skills and Attitudes (KSA) that provide the subjects with subsidies to deal with problem situations. The aim of the research is to identify the digital competencies of the elderly for m-learning. The research was developed in a qualitative and quantitative approach of the case study type. The target audience for this project is elderly people aged 60 or over.
The methodology used has 6 steps:
Step 1 - Construction of the theoretical framework;
Step 2 - Preliminary mapping of competencies in m-learning for the elderly;
Step 3 - Pilot project: mapping competencies from the KSA;
Step 4 - Building competencies for m-learning with the elderly;
Step 5 - Construction of pedagogical strategies;
Step 6 - Validation of pedagogical strategies for the development of competencies in m-learning with the elderly.
The instruments used were: questionnaires, participant observation and interview. As a result, it was observed that it is important to consider not only knowledge, skills and attitudes in the use of mobile devices, but also their interests, expectations, difficulties, which are not only inherent in biophysiological and cognitive issues, but also related to affective and social rights.