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Appears in:
Pages: 1077-1086
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-697-3777-4
ISSN: 2340-1117
doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2017.1227

Conference name: 9th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 3-5 July, 2017
Location: Barcelona, Spain

BARRIERS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR 3D PRINTING IN DANISH SCHOOLS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY

A. Lund, H. Negendahl, D. Hammershøi, T. Ryberg

Aalborg University (DENMARK)
The advent of affordable 3D printing has provided the possibility for the use of 3D printing in educational settings. Previous studies have demonstrated the benefits and possibilities of these technologies in education [Kostakis et al., 2014], [Blikstein, 2013a], [Smith et al., 2015]. To find out what factors can contribute to a wider use of 3D printers in education, a qualitative study was performed. This was done by introducing 3D printers in four different schools in Denmark, and both the opportunities and barriers that the technology presented were investigated. The teachers in this study had responsibility for integrating the technology into their classrooms. Data was gathered from three sources: semi structured interviews with the involved teachers; open ended questionnaires collected from 67 pupils who had worked with the 3D printers; and some field observations of the classes where the 3D printers were used. All sources of data were analysed using Yin's five-fold method [Yin, 2011]. From these sources of data, it was discovered that the teachers had problems with the printing capacity (most having only one 3D printer in a class), and that the lack of existing lesson plans and teaching aids were a problem as well. This was especially true since the teachers had very little time in terms of preparation for each class. However, the teachers, the pupils, and the field observations show great opportunities to teach 21st century skills and to teach using powerful interdisciplinary projects. The study has therefore shed light on the barriers and possibilities this technology presented in these schools.

References:
[1] Paulo Blikstein. Digital fabrication and ‘making’in education: The democratization of invention. FabLabs: Of machines, makers and inventors, 4, 2013b. 6, 76, 79
[2] Vasilis Kostakis, Vasilis Niaros, and Christos Giotitsas. Open source 3d printing as a means of learning: An educational experiment in two high schools in greece. Telematics and Informatics, 32:118–128, May 2014. 4, 76
[3] Rachel Charlotte Smith, Ole Sejer Iversen, and Mikkel Hjorth. Design thinking for digital fabrication in education. International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction, (5):20–28, November 2015. 4, 76
[4] Robert K Yin. Qualitative research from start to finish. Guilford Publications, 2015. 4, 7, 9, 10, 11, 28, 42, 43
@InProceedings{LUND2017BAR,
author = {Lund, A. and Negendahl, H. and Hammersh{\o}i, D. and Ryberg, T.},
title = {BARRIERS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR 3D PRINTING IN DANISH SCHOOLS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY},
series = {9th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies},
booktitle = {EDULEARN17 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-697-3777-4},
issn = {2340-1117},
doi = {10.21125/edulearn.2017.1227},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/edulearn.2017.1227},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Barcelona, Spain},
month = {3-5 July, 2017},
year = {2017},
pages = {1077-1086}}
TY - CONF
AU - A. Lund AU - H. Negendahl AU - D. Hammershøi AU - T. Ryberg
TI - BARRIERS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR 3D PRINTING IN DANISH SCHOOLS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY
SN - 978-84-697-3777-4/2340-1117
DO - 10.21125/edulearn.2017.1227
PY - 2017
Y1 - 3-5 July, 2017
CI - Barcelona, Spain
JO - 9th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
JA - EDULEARN17 Proceedings
SP - 1077
EP - 1086
ER -
A. Lund, H. Negendahl, D. Hammershøi, T. Ryberg (2017) BARRIERS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR 3D PRINTING IN DANISH SCHOOLS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY, EDULEARN17 Proceedings, pp. 1077-1086.
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