About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 5968-5976
Publication year: 2015
ISBN: 978-84-606-8243-1
ISSN: 2340-1117

Conference name: 7th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 6-8 July, 2015
Location: Barcelona, Spain

DETECTING CHEMICAL MISCONCEPTIONS IN FIRST-YEAR BIOCHEMISTRY DEGREE UNDERGRADUATES

I. López-Coca1, M.J. Arévalo Caballero1, M. Schultz2, G.A. Lawrie3, G. Silvero1

1Universidad de Extremadura (SPAIN)
2Queensland University of Technology (AUSTRALIA)
3University of Queensland (AUSTRALIA)
Many students struggle to come to terms with the learning of chemistry (Kind, 2004). They usually possess pre-existing beliefs and alternative conceptions that are constructed from their every-day life experiences (Talanquer, 2006). The ideas some students have about physical-chemical transformations are completely at odds with the established chemical theory and the answers they find to chemical questions fit into their own pseudo-scientific built-in deeply-rooted model. If we want the conceptual framework to be learnt in a robust, sound way, then this personal pseudo-model has to be challenged and, eventually, demolished scientifically (Hand, 1988, Linenberger, 2012). If the students are not fully persuaded of the inexactness of their pre-existing beliefs, then they will build an academy-based model, the one they are taught and must use when sitting an exam, that will run parallel to their own, ‘sensible’, ‘experience-derived’ chemical model, for ever.

Biochemistry is a science that needs strong chemical foundations. Hence, students who are struggling with fundamental concepts from chemistry will be ill-equipped to analyse processes that are more sophisticated (Wolfson, 2014).

The first goal is to detect what these wrong ideas are. Once misconceptions are identified, a teaching-learning strategy can be conceived to address the problem (Coştu, 2010, Lawrie, 2013, Regan, 2011).

One effective way of unveiling students’ previous ideas is the multiple-choice questionnaire (Krause, 2004, Mulford, 2002, Peterson, 1989, Potgieter, 2011, Schwartz, 2014). We have used a validated questionnaire composed of 25 questions, divided into five key conceptual categories related to physical-chemical phenomena.#

These categories are:
a) Phase changes
b) Heat and energy
c) Conservation of matter
d) Aqueous solutions
e) Chemical equilibria

The survey was conducted with first-year Biochemistry undergraduates reading a course on General Chemistry during the first term of the 2014/15 academic year, at the University of Extremadura, Spain.

In this communication, we will present the methodology, results, analysis and conclusions drawn from this study.

References:
#Questions have been derived from Assoc. Prof G.A. Lawrie’s work, from the University of Queensland (Australia), who has kindly shared them with us by means of private communication.
[1] Coştu, B., Ayas, A. & Niaz, M. (2010). Chem. Educ. Res. Prac., 11, 5
[2] Hand, B. M. & Treagust, D. F. (1988). Res. Sci. Ed., 18, 53
[3] Kind, V. (2004). Beyond appearances: Students’ misconceptions about basic chemical ideas, 2nd edition. London, Royal Society of Chemistry.
[4] Krause, S., Birk, J., Bauer, R., Jenkins, B. & Pavelich, M. J. (2004). Paper presented at the 34th ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference, Savannah, Georgia, USA.
[5] Lawrie, G., Wright, A., O'Brien, G., Bedford, S., Schultz, M., Dargaville, T., Thompson, C. (2013). Int. J. FYHE, 4, 111
[6] Linenberger, K. J. & Bretz, S. L. (2012). Chem. Educ. Res. Prac., 13, 172
[7] Mulford, D. R. & Robinson, W. R. (2002). J. Chem. Educ., 79, 739
[8] Peterson, R. F., Treagust, D. F. & Garnett, P. (1989). J. Res. Sci. Teach., 26, 301
[9] Potgieter, M. & Davidowitz, B. (2011). Chem. Educ. Res. Prac., 12, 193
[10] Regan, Á., Childs, P. & Hayes, S. (2011). Chem. Educ. Res. Prac., 12, 219
[11] Schwartz, P. & Barbera, J. (2014). J. Chem. Educ., 91, 630
[12] Talanquer, V. (2006). J. Chem. Educ., 83, 811
[13] Wolfson, A. J., Rowland, S. L., Lawrie, G. A. & Wright, A. H. (2014). Chem. Educ. Res. Prac., 15, 168
@InProceedings{LOPEZCOCA2015DET,
author = {L{\'{o}}pez-Coca, I. and Ar{\'{e}}valo Caballero, M.J. and Schultz, M. and Lawrie, G.A. and Silvero, G.},
title = {DETECTING CHEMICAL MISCONCEPTIONS IN FIRST-YEAR BIOCHEMISTRY DEGREE UNDERGRADUATES},
series = {7th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies},
booktitle = {EDULEARN15 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-606-8243-1},
issn = {2340-1117},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Barcelona, Spain},
month = {6-8 July, 2015},
year = {2015},
pages = {5968-5976}}
TY - CONF
AU - I. López-Coca AU - M.J. Arévalo Caballero AU - M. Schultz AU - G.A. Lawrie AU - G. Silvero
TI - DETECTING CHEMICAL MISCONCEPTIONS IN FIRST-YEAR BIOCHEMISTRY DEGREE UNDERGRADUATES
SN - 978-84-606-8243-1/2340-1117
PY - 2015
Y1 - 6-8 July, 2015
CI - Barcelona, Spain
JO - 7th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
JA - EDULEARN15 Proceedings
SP - 5968
EP - 5976
ER -
I. López-Coca, M.J. Arévalo Caballero, M. Schultz, G.A. Lawrie, G. Silvero (2015) DETECTING CHEMICAL MISCONCEPTIONS IN FIRST-YEAR BIOCHEMISTRY DEGREE UNDERGRADUATES, EDULEARN15 Proceedings, pp. 5968-5976.
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