VIRTUAL CLASSROOM LEARNING: PACKAGING DESIGN EXPERIENCE WITH ORIGAMI TECHNIQUE
In 2020, due to the global pandemic, a large part of the world population was affected, being locked down in their homes, experiencing an unprecedented reality. This exceptional situation, caused social transformations, altering the daily environments and, of course, the educational one. Among the measures adopted, there is the closure of educational centers, leaving millions of students unable to attend their face-to-face classes. Education, like other sectors, has needed to adapt to this dizzying change, and abruptly implement a remote communication system supported by digital technologies for effective connectivity. In this scenario, the abilities of the students have been adapting to these new virtual classroom conditions. In this way, online teaching becomes the new educational space, where teachers and students must articulate all their cognitive, affective and motivational strategies to promote successful learning. This experience took place in this context, with the participation of sixth semester design students, in order to address the theme of packaging design for small objects / products, of their interest, that they could find within their confined environment. Since the circumstances prevented them from searching for a problem based on the exploration of the terrain. This packaging had to be innovative and unique, with the object being packaged having its own identity, rethinking and redesigning the original packaging of the chosen product. The methodological approach was observed in the origami technique, through which students intuitively discover, with a playful and exploratory attitude, the possibilities offered by paper. This creative practice makes it possible to specify the potential three-dimensional configurations, destined to the creation of a design appropriate to the requirements of containing, protecting and displaying the chosen product, preserving its features and its particular identity. The variables that intervened in the development of the methodology were sequentially: Determination of the object. Typification, that is, definition of the qualities inherent to the object. Analysis of the requirements for the use, function and emotional aspect of the packaging, which satisfies the visual sensory aspects of the user. Development and application of origami technique, following the rules, practices and conditions of origami. As a result of this experience, the students have conquered the exploration of a new tool to approach design, based on self-discovery and personal experimentation of new possibilities for creating three-dimensional shapes, using the origami technique. The packaging, achieved as a result, being very simple, was effective in improving the expression, presentation and display of the product, in coherence with the simplicity of its origin, a sheet of paper. The conclusion was focused on the discovery of the infinite possibilities of a two-dimensional sheet of paper, to be able to transform itself, through folds and manual skill, into a three-dimensional configuration. Exploring origami encourages creativity and the sense of composition of shapes, sharpening the sensitivity and aesthetic sense in students. Turning out to be appropriate for packaging design, making it possible to learn in a playful and ingenious way with this, still unexplored practice.