SILVIA’S JOURNEY: SCIENCE AND METACOGNITION IN PRIMARY EDUCATION

C. Llopis Pablos1, V. Jiménez-Rodríguez2

1Universidad Camilo José Cela (SPAIN)
2Universidad Complutense de Madrid (SPAIN)
Metacognition is the knowledge that people have on their own metacognitive processes and products including motivation. The training on metacognitive strategies in class is going to cause a change in the students’ attitudes and aptitudes because they’ll be aware of the control of their own learning internalizing new knowledge. This training can start in Nursery Education stressing cognitive aspects to go subsequently to metacognitive aspects. Due to the lack of resources with these characteristics Silvia’s Journey is born. It’s a new material which includes activities to train metacognitive strategies in class.
These strategies are liable to be trained in any curricular area. Our team is nowadays working in the reading area relating this theme with reading metacomprehension, but the main objective is the generalization of learning, so we can’t leave the scientific area out, where the metacognitive skills are particularly important.
In the area of science learning, the traditional methods are not always effective to achieve a real conceptual change in the student’s mind but the new proposal to integrate didactic and cognitive processes through metacognitive ones focus the learning on the students and make them think of their own knowledge to remove their previous ideas to get the conceptual change.
Within this model we propose audiovisual, experimental and computer teaching resources, which allow students of Primary Education, to develop epistemological conceptions about scientific knowledge and cognitive processes and products, which have a decisive influence on their learning strategies.