V. Likholetov, S. Aliukov, E. Godlevskaya

South Ural State University (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
Many problems of increasing quality of mastering challenging courses can be solved through the use of effective forms of teaching. The implementation of competence-based approach in higher education requires extensive use of active and interactive forms of teaching (computer simulations, business and role-playing games, analysis of case studies, psychological and other trainings) combined with extracurricular work to achieve an important goal - the formation and development of professional skills of students. In the context of a large volume of information, educational society fully aware of the need of training not knowledge, but mental activity, using maximum different channels of influence on all levels of perception of information by students. It is important to take harmonious combination of key principles in these actions into account: analytical ("rational"), qualitative ("emotions") and substantial ("intuition"). In this paper we discuss the possibility of using multi-modal didactic potential, including opposition scales and models for teaching the basics of system analysis and synthesis, mastering conceptual apparatus of functional cost analysis and the theory of inventive problem solving. We substantiate the importance of illustrations "games of contradictions" in the processes of systems formation, reflecting different levels of contradictions in the problem systems, searching reasons of activity of systems of any nature and direction of their development for realization of goals of thinking activation of students. In this paper it is shown how to use the opposition (opposite) scale and models to improve the perception by students educational information in frames of a number of courses in the field of system analysis-synthesis: "System theory and system analysis", "Functional-cost analysis", "Theory of inventive problem solving", "Development of creative imagination", "Algorithms for solving non-standard problems." Active use of the opposition models and scales in presenting some key concepts of disciplines included in scope of the system analysis and synthesis completely meets the challenges of implementation of competence-based approach in higher education and contributes to the formation of the system outlook of students.