About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 747-753
Publication year: 2015
ISBN: 978-84-608-2657-6
ISSN: 2340-1095

Conference name: 8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 18-20 November, 2015
Location: Seville, Spain

THE ROLE OF MEXICAN UNIVERSITIES BEFORE THE CRISIS OF YOUTH EMPLOYMENT: A CASE STUDY

Introduction:
Young people are going through one of the worst scenarios of unemployment. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO) the phenomenon of youth unemployment has reached extraordinary dimensions, therefore they have called the Crisis of youth employment (ILO, 2012a). Data recorded by the ILO (2012a) point out that four out of ten are young people who do not have employment. In Latin America, this phenomenon affects 8 million young people (ILO, 2014a). Various organizations such as the OECD, the ILO, Governments and Institutions of Higher Education, have shown concern for this situation. However, the situation worsens when there are young unemployed people who are professionals. In Mexico, there are 228, 782 unemployed young people who graduated from a professional career. The youth unemployment rate of graduates of any professional career is 6.2 % (INEGI, 2014b). Between the federative entities most affected, the state of Guanajuato is located with a youth unemployment rate of 5.3 % (INEGI, 2014b). Precisely Guanajuato is the city where is our case study, specifically in the University of Guanajuato (UG) in the Division of Economic Sciences Administrative (DCEA).

General Objective:
Analyze one of the strategies that has the University of Guanajuato in Mexico to deal with the crisis of youth employment, specifically the Institutional Program of Entrepreneurs (PIEUG) in one of the academic divisions of the University.

Contextual Framework:
The Institutional Program of Entrepreneurs of the University of Guanajuato (PIEUG) is a program belonging to the UG, it was proposed in 2004 and started in 2005, that is to say it has about 10 years (León, 2015b). The coordination of entrepreneurs of the DCEA was founded in the year of 2009 (Leon, 2015b), therefore it is of recent creation. Since then have been organized various activities (UG, 2010b) in order to operate the PIEUG in DCEA. The coordination of entrepreneurs of the DCEA is led by the Coordinator of entrepreneurs and assistant of entrepreneurs from the DCEA (UG, 2012a, 2014b).

Methodology:
The methodology of this research is qualitative cutting, the type of study is descriptive scope and design that was used is not experimental. The techniques used for data collection were:
• Two semi-structured interviews
• Participant observation
• Strategic analysis of the coordination of the DCEA entrepreneurs

Findings and conclusions:
The strategic planning of the Coordination of entrepreneurs from the DCEA, is the same as that of the PIEUG so this causes a problem when trying to achieve the objective of coordination, which is to operate the PIEUG at the DCEA.
It is not known the order by hierarchy of those responsible for the Coordination of entrepreneurs from the DCEA and in some places its name is multiple, which makes inter alia administrative processes.

The Assistant of entrepreneurs from the DCEA do not receive the basic support for the performance of their functions, as is the financial reward and recognition. Proof of this is that the post is vacant recently.

The number of incubated projects of the DCEA is 0, which after 6 years since the creation of the coordination of entrepreneurs of the DCEA exposes a clear deficiency not only by such coordination but also by the UG and the DCEA.
@InProceedings{LEONPEREZ2015ROL,
author = {Le{\'{o}}n P{\'{e}}rez, S. and Caldera Gonz{\'{a}}lez, D.C. and Castillo Esparza, A.},
title = {THE ROLE OF MEXICAN UNIVERSITIES BEFORE THE CRISIS OF YOUTH EMPLOYMENT: A CASE STUDY},
series = {8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2015 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-608-2657-6},
issn = {2340-1095},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {18-20 November, 2015},
year = {2015},
pages = {747-753}}
TY - CONF
AU - S. León Pérez AU - D.C. Caldera González AU - A. Castillo Esparza
TI - THE ROLE OF MEXICAN UNIVERSITIES BEFORE THE CRISIS OF YOUTH EMPLOYMENT: A CASE STUDY
SN - 978-84-608-2657-6/2340-1095
PY - 2015
Y1 - 18-20 November, 2015
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2015 Proceedings
SP - 747
EP - 753
ER -
S. León Pérez, D.C. Caldera González, A. Castillo Esparza (2015) THE ROLE OF MEXICAN UNIVERSITIES BEFORE THE CRISIS OF YOUTH EMPLOYMENT: A CASE STUDY, ICERI2015 Proceedings, pp. 747-753.
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