NEW TEACHING METHODS FOR COMPREHENSION ABSTRACT CONCEPTS IN MATERIALS SCIENCE

A. Lejardi, E. Zuza, J. Muñoz

Universidad del País Vasco EHU (SPAIN)
The materials science is one of the branches of engineering that focuses on studying the behavior of materials and their fundamentals, and consequently, their impact on material´s properties.

Knowledge of materials in the academic learning process of industrial engineers is critical to their appropriate education and professional training. The "chemical composition-structure-processing-properties" relationship is a tetrahedron of interconnections, whose knowledge facilitates the prediction of the mechanical behavior and facilitates processing of materials.

Therefore, the aim of this new teaching method is to assist the student in the abstraction of concepts such as chemical bonding, phases and microstructure of different materials for better understanding of the internal structure of materials.

During the practice students are encourage to take the appropriate notes and impressions of the running experiment. This will allow students to discover by their own, on the one hand, the importance of the experimental process and on the other hand, the importance of the change of the variables in the process. In this way, at the end of the practice, students are force to reconsider and think about the mechanisms and theories taught in theoretical classes that justify the experiment carried out in the practice.