EDUCATION, SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT: A SYSTEMIC INTERDEPENDENCE
Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (MEXICO)
About this paper:
Appears in: INTED2011 Proceedings
Publication year: 2011
Conference name: 5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-9 March, 2011
Location: Valencia, Spain
Abstract:Two of the fundamental elements of the lifestyle and the culture of a given society are the body of knowledge that the society manages in the solution of its problems and the know-how to transform that reality and to solve the outlined problems. From these two bodies of knowledge arise Science as the system of objective universal knowledge and the procedures to acquire it and Technology as the practical knowledge about how to apply Science in order to solve problems in that society.
In this paper the interdependence of Education, Science and Technology is discussed for overcoming the subordinate role and the lack of competitiveness of a national society in a world economy. The only way out of this structural situation would be given if a niche of local products can compete in design, quality and price with the foreign products, capturing consumers in the external market.
The success in this competition would be however only possible through the development of the corresponding local technology, facilitated by a mature national research and development sector, as well as a national educational sector to produce the required high level human resources.
Keywords: Science and Technology, Research and Development.