AXIOLOGICAL BACKGROUND OF VIETNAMESE STUDENTS ADAPTABILITY
Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
About this paper:
Conference name: 11th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 1-3 July, 2019
Location: Palma, Spain
Abstract:The realities of modern society make massive migration flows worldwide inevitable. People long for the countries and regions, where the quality of life is seen as more favourable than at home. Moving into other socio-cultural, economic, political and religious conditions is fraught with difficulties of various kinds, both for migrants and the local population. The unsuccessful adaptation results in conflicts, open confrontation, rejection of traditions and culture, the difficulties of socialization and self-realization, in alcohol addiction, delinquency, religious fanaticism, etc. In this regard, it must be stressed that young people coming from different countries, especially students from Southeast Asia and Africa are no exception in this respect. For many migrants, different mindset, language barrier, different culture, customs, traditions and religion are an insurmountable obstacle to wholesome integration in another ethnic and cultural environment. Thus, the aim of our study is to identify the relationship between the indicators of axiological orientation and the adaptability variables in Vietnamese students.
The study analyses the ratio of axiological orientation of Vietnamese students and their adaptability. The study demonstrates that the ratio of certain values, attitudes and needs form a specific type of axiological orientation. The study finds out that different types of orientation are interrelated with selective personality adaptive indicators of Vietnamese students and can be regarded as predictors of adaptation process. The study identifies current trends of adaptability studies within the context of system paradigm. The study points out the main determinants of personal adaptability manifestations. The methodological basis of the research was the dispositional concept of personality and individual traits investigation by A. Krupnov, as well as the provisions of the theory of personal potential by D. Leontiev, developed within the framework of positive psychology.
At the first stage of the study, different types of students' axiological orientation based on the results of cluster analysis have been identified and described: vocation and career, egocentric, sociability orientation types. Statistically significant differences between the selected types were recorded for most of the components. The meaningful characteristics of these types at the behavioural level, differ in attitude to training activities, relationship with other people and personal self-conception.
In the text phase the features of adaptability among representatives with different types of axiological orientation were revealed. The correlation analysis was used to identify the correlation between axiological variables and adaptability. It turned out that all three groups are pressed by uncertainty, nostalgia and asthenic feelings. At the same time representatives of vocational and career axiological orientation type were more successful in adaptability, as compared to other groups. Students with egocentric orientation turned out less successful in adaptability. They are distinguished by the highest severity of negative background mood, uncertainty, difficulties in communication. As a conclusion, we defined the role of axiological orientation as the primary predictor of personal adaptability in multicultural environment.
Keywords: Personality, adaptability, values, needs, orientation, Vietnamese students.