SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION AND PERSONAL QUALITIES OF MILITARY UNIVERSITY CADETS
1 Moscow State University of Psychology and Education (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
2 Southern Federal University (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
About this paper:
Conference name: 11th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 12-14 November, 2018
Location: Seville, Spain
Abstract:In recent years, military universities have seen an increase in the number of neurotic disorders among cadets studying in military institutions, there is a lack of understanding, a tendency toward low group cohesion in cadet units, a decrease in communicative abilities and adaptive capabilities. The special interest of military psychology to the issue of social adaptation is associated with the high social significance of activities of people that protect the state's interests and the country's security. The relevance of this study is due to the need for effective psychological forecasting of the cadets' adaptation to training in military institutions on the basis of psychodiagnostics data.
The purpose of this study was to identify the interconnection between socio-psychological adaptation, self-esteem and self-confidence of military university cadet.
Sixty male cadets participated in the study they were tested by the method of diagnosing of socio-psychological adaptation (C. Rogers, R. Diamond, adaptation by A.K. Osnitsky, 2004), self-confidence test (V.G. Romek, 1997) and personal differential (E.F.Bazhin, A.M. Etkind, 1983). The results showed that cadets have a high level of self-acceptance, externality prevails over internality, they have a high level of emotional comfort experience, adaptation is also at a high level, as well as acceptance of others. The desire for domination was expressed relatively lower than other integral indicators(medium level). The latter fact agrees with the cadets' externality. In general, the indicators of socio-psychological adaptation showed that the cadets are fully adapted to the society.
The analysis of the identified correlations showed that military university cadets have a holistic phenomenon of interrelated components of socio-psychological adaptation, self-esteem and confidence. At the same time, the integral indicator of adaptation was associated with two factors of self-esteem: evaluation and strength, and with two components of confidence: self-confidence and social courage, all of these characteristics being interrelated, representing a holistic personal formation.
One of the limitations of the study is a relatively small sample.
Based on the obtained results, it is planned to develop a program to increase the adaptation of cadets to the educational process, taking into account the characteristics of their self-esteem and self-confidence.
Keywords: Socio-psychological adaptation, self-esteem, self-confidence, cadets.