IMAGINATION AND ITS INFLUENCE ON ARTISTIC WORK OF CHILDREN AT THE PRE-SCHOOL AGE
University of Natural Science and Humanities (POLAND)
About this paper:
Appears in: EDULEARN14 Proceedings
Publication year: 2014
Conference name: 6th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 7-9 July, 2014
Location: Barcelona, Spain
Abstract:Drawing is a kind of activity undertaken spontaneously by children at the pre-school age. It is enough to have a sheet of paper, pencil or crayon, every child’s movement on a piece of paper leaves a sign which becomes a source of satisfaction and realization of the natural need. Every child has inborn need to draw, nevertheless to what extend he or she is occupied in such ability.
Children at the pre-school age try to reflect the world of imagination, desires and emotions through artistic activities. While drawing, they are focused on what they do, fascinated with colors and shapes so that they act under inner impulses and stimuli. Their ineffective, primitive drawings attract with thematic variety and accuracy of composition.
Careful observation of a child, analysis of the activities and the works (ready drawing) can provide a teacher with some information concerning its individual development as well as its feelings, emotions, observations.
Literature concerning the subject emphasizes a very important role of a teacher in development of artistic imagination and essential role of art in developing of natural expression of a child. The authors are unanimous as for the opinion that art influences on emotional- social sphere and plays a very important cognitive and healthy part in a child’s development. However, to achieve the best results in work with children at the pre-school age, it is necessary to assure them suitable conditions for stimulation of imagination and creative artistic activity. While working with children at the pre-school age, a teacher should inspire children’s artistic activities in various ways ( stories, songs, poems, excursions), moreover, create the atmosphere of friendliness, encouragement and peacefulness to enable a child expressing experiences, thoughts and feelings in the artistic activity.
In the article there are presented the results of researches carried out with the test of circles and the test by Kate Franck, there was also done the analysis of artistic works by children at the pre-school age. The test of circles was elaborated by Radosław Drwal from Institute of Psychology UMCS in Lublin. The test comprises 15 squares with circles put inside. The examined child has to draw a picture in every square with taking a circle inside the square into consideration. The test by Kate Franck is the American drawing test, owning to this it is possible to examine artistic originality. The examined person has to draw altogether 12 pictures (every picture in a separate square) and take into account the figure which is printed.
Keywords: Imagination, art, child, kindergarten.