About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 1612-1617
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-697-6957-7
ISSN: 2340-1095
doi: 10.21125/iceri.2017.0508

Conference name: 10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 16-18 November, 2017
Location: Seville, Spain

A COMPARISON OF THE SERBIAN AND HUNGARIAN STUDENTS' ICT ATTITUDES

G. Kiss

Obuda University (HUNGARY)
The aim of this research is to analyze the ICT attitudes of Hungarian and Serbian students. Our research focused on whether the instructors have to follow different teaching methods in these two different groups or not and whether the students have different ICT attitudes or not.

We have used Liker-type rating scales to measure the ICT attitude of students. Likert scales are commonly used to measure attitude, providing a range of responses to a given question or statement.
There were 5 categories of response, from (for example) 1=strongly disagree up to 5=strongly agree. This instrument of ICT attitude of students was composed by 23 items.

The reliability of the questionnaire obtained by the technique of Cronbach-α; we have received acceptable answers for the most important questions. The questionnaire include 10 negative questions, in this case the lowest score shows strongly agree, while the highest score shows strongly disagree. We have recoded the scores of these items and we have got as Cronbach value 0,71 it means the reliability of the questionnaire is good.

The Likert scale is ordinary scale, and as such we can calculate mean, min, max, median, modus, std. dev. etc. We can use the nonparametic tests where we need ordinary variables. We have two independent samples so we could use the Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test for 2 samples.

If we summarize the scores of all items and make the comparison we can see the ICT attitude of students. We need to transfer the value of negative items to positive and then start the analysis process.

The results of the analysis show the students different positive ICT attitude by the most items. For the Serbian students is critical to choose a university based on how ICT is being used in teaching. It means the instructors in Serbia have to make more attention on the ICT in education process, because the students are very interested in ICT tools until the learning process at the university.

We analyzed the ICT attitude by gender too. There was no significant difference by females based on the Mann-Whitney test for the Hungarian and Serbian summarized sample or the mean (positive) attitude formats. The situation is more complicated by males.
@InProceedings{KISS2017ACO,
author = {Kiss, G.},
title = {A COMPARISON OF THE SERBIAN AND HUNGARIAN STUDENTS' ICT ATTITUDES},
series = {10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2017 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-697-6957-7},
issn = {2340-1095},
doi = {10.21125/iceri.2017.0508},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2017.0508},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {16-18 November, 2017},
year = {2017},
pages = {1612-1617}}
TY - CONF
AU - G. Kiss
TI - A COMPARISON OF THE SERBIAN AND HUNGARIAN STUDENTS' ICT ATTITUDES
SN - 978-84-697-6957-7/2340-1095
DO - 10.21125/iceri.2017.0508
PY - 2017
Y1 - 16-18 November, 2017
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 10th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2017 Proceedings
SP - 1612
EP - 1617
ER -
G. Kiss (2017) A COMPARISON OF THE SERBIAN AND HUNGARIAN STUDENTS' ICT ATTITUDES, ICERI2017 Proceedings, pp. 1612-1617.
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