EXPLORATION OF SMARTPHONE-APP DESIGN PRINCIPLES TO HELP THE INVITATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM FOR A DEVELOPING COUNTRY
, Y. Kim
Pusan National University (KOREA, REPUBLIC OF)
The purpose of this study is to suggest the design principles on Smartphone- App that were related to operate Invitational Training Program (ITP) for developing countries. To achieve the goal, this study analyzes the status of ITP in Korea and investigates one case in detail, APEC e-Learning Training(:AeLT) program. The most important two reasons for selecting this program is that firstly, this program is run by only one hosting institution for 10 years without any other agencies and secondly, the institution operates in both online and offline environments using its own web-site for training. Considering these facts, researchers are able to identify the ITP process and its web-based system which facilitates the future Smartphone-App development.
To do this, a literature review was conducted first and an interview and survey carried out with AeLT members to find the way to improve the program efficiency. Interviews are conducted with 8 participants(4 training managers, 2 instructors and 2 graduate student volunteers) by individuals and an online survey was taken by the overseas trainees who also participated in 2014. Based on the above results, it establishes the direction of Smartphone-App development for ITP. In order to design more suitable app, we receive some feedback associated with the draft of principles from 2 experts working in the Smart-education and analyze the features of Smartphone-App through prior articles.
The major principles of this study can be outlined as follows:
Initially, build a system for collecting basic training data, second, imply a next stage by updating the real-time situation, third, make the ungraded notification in the app directly, forth, provide a wide-ranging learning materials for pre-activity, fifth, promote the online-learning participation, sixth, communication at any time between members, seventh, maintain a relationship through SNS (social network service), eighth, design a survey and statistic faculty for the training preparation and evaluation, ninth, design an app taking the user’s usability such as translation feature, smartphone OS, simple screen etc. into account.
To conclude, a close communication among the members is essential for ITP. App would be an effective solution for ITP operation in Performance-Technology approach. It allows us to check and modify every constituent information at any time and any place. We believe that this sub-support system(Smartphone-App) contributes to reducing the waste of energy and time, and offers communication among involving members beyond any time and space limitation.