Sultan Idris Education University (MALAYSIA)
About this paper:
Appears in: INTED2011 Proceedings
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 5166-5171
ISBN: 978-84-614-7423-3
ISSN: 2340-1079
Conference name: 5th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 7-9 March, 2011
Location: Valencia, Spain
Mnemonic devices were learning strategies which could enhance learning and develop students' memory. Prior researches had shown significant result in learning concept. Principle Economics was one of the most difficult subjects for undergraduates to grasp. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of using mnemonic device to increase the economics concept understanding and fostering academic performance of undergraduates. A quasi-experimental method was applied in this study. 90 students had been selected randomly and they were divided into three groups ( two experimental groups and one control group). Two experiments had been performed to examine whether the keyword method or acronyms method were effective for aiding the recall of concept economics by undergraduate students. Two hypotheses had been tested. ANCOVA had been employed for testing the significant effect in mean score of performance post-test within groups. The results showed that the students in experimental group significantly outperformed in their academic performance mean score. The findings of this study revealed that mnemonics were effective in enhancing students’ performance. The future research should employ a wider scope on other variables such as gender and social economic status. Mnemonic device need to be applied in university not only in Principle Economic but also in other courses.
Mnemonic, economics concept, academic performance, learning.