About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 2363-2366
Publication year: 2019
ISBN: 978-84-09-14755-7
ISSN: 2340-1095
doi: 10.21125/iceri.2019.0634

Conference name: 12th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 11-13 November, 2019
Location: Seville, Spain

ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF ONLINE LEARNING FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE ONLINE LEARNING EVALUATION SCALE

R. Kay, J. Li

University of Ontario Institute of Technology (CANADA)
Considerable research has been conducted in the domain of K-12 online learning, however, a limited number of studies have been conducted on the quality learning using this format and best practices (Barbour, 2019; Linton, 2016). While standards have been created for developing online learning environment (e.g., iNACOL, 2011), no formally developed, evidence-based, reliable and validly scales for evaluating online learning for K-12 students were found. The purpose of this study, then, was to develop and evaluate a scale to assess the quality of K-12 online learning. The Online Learning Evaluation Scale (OLES), based on Garrison’s (2016) Community of Inquiry Framework, consisted of three constructs: social presence (n=4 items), cognitive presence (n=5 items), and teacher presence (n=5 items). The OLES was tested on 315 secondary school students (females = 237, males = 78) from 28 courses covering a wide range of subject areas. The analysis revealed that the OLES demonstrated good internal reliability for each of the three constructs, convergent validity, construct validity, and predictive validity.

References:
[1] Barbour, M. K. (2019). The landscape of k-12 online learning: Examining what is known. In Handbook of Distance Education (4th Ed.) New York: Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330275960_The_Landscape_of_K-12_Online_Learning_Examining_What_Is_Known
[2] Garrison, D. R. (2016). ELearning in the 21st century. New York: Routledge.
[3] International Council for K-12 Online Learning. (2011). National standards for quality online courses. Vienna, VA: Retrieved from https://www.inacol.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/national-standards-for-quality-online-courses-v2.pdf
[4] Linton, J. (2016). Electronic learning communities as a support for building relationships with students in a statewide virtual high school. Journal of Online Learning Research, 2, 419–445. Retrieved from https://www.learntechlib.org/j/JOLR
@InProceedings{KAY2019ASS,
author = {Kay, R. and Li, J.},
title = {ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF ONLINE LEARNING FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE ONLINE LEARNING EVALUATION SCALE},
series = {12th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2019 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-09-14755-7},
issn = {2340-1095},
doi = {10.21125/iceri.2019.0634},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2019.0634},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {11-13 November, 2019},
year = {2019},
pages = {2363-2366}}
TY - CONF
AU - R. Kay AU - J. Li
TI - ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF ONLINE LEARNING FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE ONLINE LEARNING EVALUATION SCALE
SN - 978-84-09-14755-7/2340-1095
DO - 10.21125/iceri.2019.0634
PY - 2019
Y1 - 11-13 November, 2019
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 12th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2019 Proceedings
SP - 2363
EP - 2366
ER -
R. Kay, J. Li (2019) ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF ONLINE LEARNING FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE ONLINE LEARNING EVALUATION SCALE, ICERI2019 Proceedings, pp. 2363-2366.
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