About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 311-317
Publication year: 2018
ISBN: 978-84-697-9480-7
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2018.0105

Conference name: 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 5-7 March, 2018
Location: Valencia, Spain

EXPLORING BEST PEDAGOGICAL PRACTICES FOR VIRTUAL CLASSROOMS

R. Kay

University of Ontario Institute of Technology (CANADA)
While considerable research and investigation have been conducted on asynchronous online learning (e.g., Bernard et al., 2004; Hrastinski, 2008; Thurmond & Wambach, 2004), much less is known about synchronous or virtual classrooms. Research and practice within asynchronous environments does not readily transfer to virtual environments. Since 2010, the use of virtual classrooms has grown considerably, although the research in this area is still in its infancy (e.g., Politis & Politis, 2016; Szeto, 2015; Watts, 2016). The purpose of the current presentation is to present and assess promising pedagogy for teaching and learning in virtual classrooms.

Based on five years of developing, designing and teaching virtual online courses in a Master of Education program, 10 themes focusing on the most effective teaching and learning strategies will be discussed including communication, pre-course preparation, design of first class, establishing social presence, learning outcomes and assessment, addressing technology problems, in-class activities, meaningful technology tools, consolidation, formative and course improvement. Empirical evidence supporting these pedagogical strategies will be offered based on two years of qualitative and quantitative data collected over four semesters from 192 graduate students. Finally, a model for continued pedagogical improvement in virtual classrooms will be articulated focusing on formative feedback, regular communication with students, flexible course design, and five key learning principles (constructivism, creativity, collaboration, choice, authenticity).

References:
[1] Bernard, R. M., Abrami, P. C., Lou, Y., Borokhovski, E., Wade, A., Wozney, L. et al. (2004). How does distance education compare with classroom instruction? A meta-analysis of the empirical literature. Review of Educational Research, 74(3), 379-439.
[2] Hrastinski, S. (2008). What is online learner participation? A literature review. Computers & Education, 51(4), 1755-1765.
[3] Politis, J., & Politis, D. (2016). The relationship between an online synchronous learning environment and knowledge acquisition skills and traits: The Blackboard Collaborate experience. The Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 14(3), 196-222.
[4] Szeto, E. (2015). Community of Inquiry as an instructional approach: What effects of teaching, social and cognitive presences are there in blended synchronous learning and teaching? Computers & Education, 81, 191-201.
[5] Thurmond, V. A., & Wambach, K. (2004). Understanding interactions in distance education: A review of the literature. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 1(1), 9-26.
[6] Watts, L. (2016). Synchronous and asynchronous communication in distance learning: A review of the literature. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 17(1), 23–32.
@InProceedings{KAY2018EXP,
author = {Kay, R.},
title = {EXPLORING BEST PEDAGOGICAL PRACTICES FOR VIRTUAL CLASSROOMS},
series = {12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2018 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-697-9480-7},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2018.0105},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2018.0105},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {5-7 March, 2018},
year = {2018},
pages = {311-317}}
TY - CONF
AU - R. Kay
TI - EXPLORING BEST PEDAGOGICAL PRACTICES FOR VIRTUAL CLASSROOMS
SN - 978-84-697-9480-7/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2018.0105
PY - 2018
Y1 - 5-7 March, 2018
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2018 Proceedings
SP - 311
EP - 317
ER -
R. Kay (2018) EXPLORING BEST PEDAGOGICAL PRACTICES FOR VIRTUAL CLASSROOMS, INTED2018 Proceedings, pp. 311-317.
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