CHANGING THE PARADIGM IN THE VALUES OF EDUCATION IN THE 20TH CENTURY

P. Jurs , I. Pelnēna, M. Ročāne

Liepaja University (LATVIA)
The 20th century was marked by two bloodiest conflicts in the history of the world: World War 1 and World War 2, the wave of authoritarianism and totalitarianism in Europe did not surmise the fate of thousands of people, the era of dictators was replaced by democratic public administration, humanity experienced a never-seen-before rapid boom in science technologies, gradually raised awareness of human rights and rapidly increased the number of people on the planet. Along with material problems, humanity sought answers to philosophical questions of existentialism. The 20th century was a transformational time in which education became a value in an individual and national context. Quality education was one of the prerequisites for human well-being and growth, while competent and educated people contributed to the country's socio-economic, cultural and scientific growth. The aim of the article is to identify the transformation of the values of Latvian education in the 20th century.
The research methodology is: (I) based on the analysis of historical sources, which would allow to identify the values of education in the 20th century in Latvia context on the world history; (II) based on the surveys of teachers, which will allow teachers to gain an understanding of the educational values of the 20th century, or the time when teachers themselves studied at school. Respondents will also be able to identify what they consider to be the most important changes in the process of transforming educational values.