About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 74-78
Publication year: 2014
ISBN: 978-84-617-2484-0
ISSN: 2340-1095

Conference name: 7th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 17-19 November, 2014
Location: Seville, Spain

MEMORY AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT: ENVIRONMENTAL CUES IN INFORMATION PROCESSING AND NAVIGATION

K. Julian

ETSU (UNITED STATES)
Gerald Weisman [1] hypothesizes that to the extent an environment provides perceptual access to either interim or ultimate destinations, it facilitates wayfinding and navigation. Environments with elements of physical distinctiveness, or landmarks, also facilitate wayfinding. Additional factors that influence the identification of landmarks might be personal or social significance and patterns of activity. A landmark is represented in a person’s cognitive map to the extent the person has invested it with visual, inferred, or functional distinctiveness.

There is a long history of research on memory. However, Kirasic [2] suggested that the body of knowledge of research on memory in the built environment does have gaps for environmental cues and information processing in navigation. Birren and Schaie [3] believed cognitive speed, consisting of attention span and processing speed is the most sensitive measure of memory.

The following environmental variables play a role in environmental cognition: visual access to other areas of the building, physical or functional differentiation of building parts; signage for identification and direction purposes, and plan configuration [1]. Information-processing theory assumes that the human information-processing system consists of three functionally distinct kinds of memory systems: the sensory registers, working memory, and long-term memory. Environmental cognitive factors and design features related to this cognition in the built environment contribute to the design of built environment specifications and wayfinding systems.

The purpose of the study is to identify memory of environmental cues in the built environment in order to supplement the literature regarding memory of visual design elements, its interaction with wayfinding navigation and its impact on building design. The study investigated two questions regarding memory; the frequency and percent of responses for all participants on memory of environmental cues, and whether or not there was a significant difference between the predictor variables of gender and ethnicity on memory of environmental cues in the built environment. The findings qualify how memory of design features and visual environmental cues affect information processing and navigation in the built environment. The presentation depicts and explains the design features within the built environment that provide wayfinding assistance and their propensity to provide and provoke memory.

REFERENCES
[1] Weisman, G. (1979). Way-finding in Buildings. Doctoral Dissertation. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
[2] Kirasic, K.C. (2001). Age sensitive spatial abilities, environmental knowledge, and wayfinding: Mediated relationships and missing links. Spatial Computation, Kluwer Publications, pp. 117 – 135.
[3] Birren, J. E., & Schaie, K. W. (1985). Handbook of the psychology of ageing. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
@InProceedings{JULIAN2014MEM,
author = {Julian, K.},
title = {MEMORY AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT: ENVIRONMENTAL CUES IN INFORMATION PROCESSING AND NAVIGATION},
series = {7th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2014 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-617-2484-0},
issn = {2340-1095},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Seville, Spain},
month = {17-19 November, 2014},
year = {2014},
pages = {74-78}}
TY - CONF
AU - K. Julian
TI - MEMORY AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT: ENVIRONMENTAL CUES IN INFORMATION PROCESSING AND NAVIGATION
SN - 978-84-617-2484-0/2340-1095
PY - 2014
Y1 - 17-19 November, 2014
CI - Seville, Spain
JO - 7th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2014 Proceedings
SP - 74
EP - 78
ER -
K. Julian (2014) MEMORY AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT: ENVIRONMENTAL CUES IN INFORMATION PROCESSING AND NAVIGATION, ICERI2014 Proceedings, pp. 74-78.
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