EDUCATION FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY AND RESILIENCE: A METHODOLOGY TO APPLY OBJECTIVE CRITERIA FOR INTEGRATING RURAL BUILDINGS FOR URBAN AND LANDSCAPE DESIGN STUDENTS

Rural development has been neglected to a large extent in the context of sustainability and resilience. Similarly, its education was largely overlooked and is necessary to rethinking in the issue and debate of current rural development. Over the last few decades, there have been discordant changes affected in the relationship between rural buildings and their landscapes. This paper presents a scientific methodology to apply objective criteria for integrating rural buildings into a landscape for urban and landscape design education. The methodology is used to assess and predict the visual impact of rural buildings as taking into account the analysis of their location and façade color with a combination of various techniques. Accordingly, this research first describes the objective criteria to evaluate their suitability in order to optimally site rural buildings and then to investigate their scene to be in the color theme. Through the methodology based on the objective criteria, students can learn sustainable and resilient rural development, particularly suitable building integration into a rural landscape. Thus, the proposed methodology can assist students seek a guideline to design and planning a rural building in their design studio. It could be also applied to different territorial contexts and construction types as a consulting and decision-making method for general design students.