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DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES - ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND BLOCKCHAIN IN EDUCATION

B. Jekov1, P. Petkova2, Y. Parusheva2, E. Shoikova1

1UniBIT (BULGARIA)
2Technical University of Sofia (BULGARIA)
According to Gartner Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies, Artificial intelligence (AI) everywhere and Blockchain are in the key emerging technology mega-trends. And they will be the most disruptive class of technologies over the next 10 years due to radical computational power, near-endless amounts of data and unprecedented advances in deep neural networks. Long-term, Gartner believes this technology will lead to a reformation of whole industries. Industry 4.0 transform the economy relations based on and those disruptive technologies. Тhe labor force market will have very soon a strong need for staff with knowledge, skills and competencies for these technologies. Competency-based student training needs to be continually updated with new industry-required qualifications and competences.

This paper will analyze the change in the computerized model and the computerization of education in computer science and information technology based on the rapidly advancing destructive technologies, like Artificial intelligence and Blockchain. From another point of view, these technologies can also be used to improve the methods and tools in the learning process and we will analyze those possibilities. This will be the second level in the analysis of the relationships between destructive technologies and education.

In recent months there has been a sharp change in attitudes towards AI. There is a transformation and the artificial intelligence from a field of highly qualified IT specialists, it goes to massive penetration into artificially intelligent products for different sectors of the industry and people's everyday lives. This requires trained specialists and this publication will analyze the necessary competencies to update competency-based models in training specialists for different areas of the economy.

Blockchain is a technology that also enters very quickly and transforms business processes from centralized to decentralized. This leads to a radical change in the information systems serving these processes - from centralized to decentralized. This in turn needs to be carefully researched and analyzed and reflected in the learning process, where centralized processes and systems are basic, but this quickly changes and students need this knowledge, skills and competencies to be a quality and competitive human resource in the market for talents.

The modern education is based on Intelligent Learning Environments and Competence-based Learning, on educational theories, educational technologies and platforms. Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain are technologies that will enter smart learning and this paper will analyze and suggest some possible scenarios in this direction.