About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 1585-1591
Publication year: 2021
ISBN: 978-84-09-34549-6
ISSN: 2340-1095
doi: 10.21125/iceri.2021.0432

Conference name: 14th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 8-9 November, 2021
Location: Online Conference

INQUIRY / RESEARCH -BASED LEARNING (IBL/RBL) FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FINAL DEGREE PROJECT IN PHARMACY DURING THE SUPERVISED PRACTICUM AND FOCUSED ON PROFESSIONAL PHARMACY SERVICES

A. Isla , A. Del Pozo-Rodríguez , J. Zarate , B. Calvo, J. Rodríguez-Castejón , I. Gómez-Aguado , M.A. Solinís 

University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) (SPAIN)
Objective:
The objective is the implementation of an educational innovation project focused on the application of the Inquiry/Research -based learning methodology (IBL/RBL) for the preparation of Final Degree Projects (FDP) in Pharmacy. The FDP will be linked to the realization of supervised practicum in community pharmacy.

Methodology
The project has been developed during the 2020/2021 academic year, following these phases:
- Design and planning of curricular insertion actions. It required the evaluation, in collaboration with the official colleges of pharmacists of the Basque Country, of the needs and demands of community pharmacies, in order to determine which aspects could be addressed in the development of FDP about Professional Pharmacy Healthcare Services (PPHS).
- Implementation. Students were trained and monitored throughout the FDP. A worksheet on the IBL/RBL was prepared, which included:
1) Identification of the research topic;
2) Establishment of objectives;
3) Use of the appropriate tools to approach the investigation;
4) Design of the FDP project;
5) Analysis of results and discussion;
6) Conclusions.
- Analysis of the results. The grade obtained by each student after the presentation of the FDP was assessed. Specific questionnaires were used to evaluate the opinion of the different participant agents.

Results:
Eight students participated in the project. They developed their FDP about a specific PPHS, considering the demands or needs of the pharmacy where their supervised practicum were carried out. Each participant was jointly supervised by a pharmacist and a university professor. The mean grade obtained was 9.0 (range 8.3-9.6).
According to the questionnaires, the global assessment of the activity was high for all the participants (score 4.5/5). They think that it was a positive and enriching experience the collaboration with the pharmacy staff (score 4.6/5) that will be useful for their professional future (score 4.5/5) and they found their work useful for the community pharmacy (score 4.6/5). Moreover, their increased their perception of the ability of pharmacists to contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals: improvement of patient care and quality of care in the health system, development of sustainable communities and promotion of responsible consumption related to health, medicines and health products (score 4.8/5). Students and supervisors agree that the application of IBL/RBL in the development of FDP is useful in the acquisition of different skills and competences, such as autonomy, teamwork, social commitment, communication, ethics and professional responsibility and critical thinking (scores >4.3/5).

Conclusions:
The development of FDP applying the IBL/RBL methodology during the pharmacy supervised practicum is a strategy that can be useful to improve the teaching-learning process of students of the Degree in Pharmacy. The methodology applied improves the perception of students about the care activity in community pharmacy and strengthens the assimilation of knowledge of the graduates. Likewise, it seeks to establish relationships between learning, research and sustainability, favoring the development of the ability to innovate and investigate and the critical thinking, which will lead to greater objectivity, tolerance and the ability to work in multidisciplinary teams.

Acknowledgements:
Thanks to the UPV/EHU for the funding support, call for Innovation Projects IKDi3 Laborategia, 2020.
@InProceedings{ISLA2021INQ,
author = {Isla, A. and Del Pozo-Rodr{\'{i}}guez, A. and Zarate, J. and Calvo, B. and Rodr{\'{i}}guez-Castej{\'{o}}n, J. and G{\'{o}}mez-Aguado, I. and Solin{\'{i}}s, M.A.},
title = {INQUIRY / RESEARCH -BASED LEARNING (IBL/RBL) FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FINAL DEGREE PROJECT IN PHARMACY DURING THE SUPERVISED PRACTICUM AND FOCUSED ON PROFESSIONAL PHARMACY SERVICES},
series = {14th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation},
booktitle = {ICERI2021 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-09-34549-6},
issn = {2340-1095},
doi = {10.21125/iceri.2021.0432},
url = {https://dx.doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2021.0432},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Online Conference},
month = {8-9 November, 2021},
year = {2021},
pages = {1585-1591}}
TY - CONF
AU - A. Isla AU - A. Del Pozo-Rodríguez AU - J. Zarate AU - B. Calvo AU - J. Rodríguez-Castejón AU - I. Gómez-Aguado AU - M.A. Solinís
TI - INQUIRY / RESEARCH -BASED LEARNING (IBL/RBL) FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FINAL DEGREE PROJECT IN PHARMACY DURING THE SUPERVISED PRACTICUM AND FOCUSED ON PROFESSIONAL PHARMACY SERVICES
SN - 978-84-09-34549-6/2340-1095
DO - 10.21125/iceri.2021.0432
PY - 2021
Y1 - 8-9 November, 2021
CI - Online Conference
JO - 14th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
JA - ICERI2021 Proceedings
SP - 1585
EP - 1591
ER -
A. Isla, A. Del Pozo-Rodríguez, J. Zarate, B. Calvo, J. Rodríguez-Castejón, I. Gómez-Aguado, M.A. Solinís (2021) INQUIRY / RESEARCH -BASED LEARNING (IBL/RBL) FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FINAL DEGREE PROJECT IN PHARMACY DURING THE SUPERVISED PRACTICUM AND FOCUSED ON PROFESSIONAL PHARMACY SERVICES, ICERI2021 Proceedings, pp. 1585-1591.
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