CHILDREN’S STEREOTYPICAL GENDERED BEHAVIOURS IN OUTDOOR EDUCATIONAL PLAY ENVIRONMENTS
Izmir University of Economics (TURKEY)
About this paper:
Conference name: 14th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 2-4 March, 2020
Location: Valencia, Spain
Abstract:The aim of this study is to understand how gender-typed and gender-neutral play environments affect children’s behaviour. Thus, individual and group play attitudes are investigated in relation to playground design. Preschool children spend their most of the time with free time activities. The learning process gains importance in those activities according to their preferences in choosing play, peer and environment. In early childhood ages, they learn their stereotypical gender behaviour in relation to their cultural and parental background, which affects their attitudes in their social interaction. Between 5 and 8 years, children learn their gender identity, developing confidence and ability according to gender. Within this context, the study aims to analyse if the design of outdoor playground environments can reduce gender discrimination by learning children’s preferences in gender-neutral and gender-typed environments according to playground equipment. In order to start thinking about reducing gender segregation in early childhood ages, this study aims to understand how playground design affects types of games. Learning children’s preferences and attitudes with behavioural mapping and observational checklist for determined individual and group plays behaviorus may help to design gender-neutral playgrounds. Research results may have implications for the design of gender-neutral playgrounds that provide various opportunities for group play for the early childhood period and help reduce gender discrimination by creating awareness on stereotypical gender norms.
Keywords: Children, gender-typed, gender-neutral, play environment, behaviour, stereotypes.