PSPSKAPE INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY FOR ENHANCING KNOWLEDGE CONSTRUCTION OF LEARNERS IN 21ST CENTURY

S. Insa-Ard

Ramkamhaeng University, Faculty of Education (THAILAND)
Former educational system do not focus on developing the process of individual learning, thinking, doing, and knowledge construction in real life from varieties of learning resources. To enhance the students in knowledge construction, the teachers have to have knowledge in the theory of constructivism and instructional strategy, learning activities to enhance knowledge construction.

This article present the innovation of instructional strategy that synthesized from knowledge construction methodology named PSPSKAPE which consists of 6 parts:
1) Present the Problems
2) Study the Problems
3) Finding for Problem Solutions
4) Knowledge Creation
5) Applications, and
6) Evaluation.

The author described the learning activities in any composition respectively for the teachers to apply the instructional strategy in practical. In addition, the results of PSPSKAPE instructional strategy found that the learners can effectively construct the knowledge and occur the knowledge creation process toward the theory of cognitive constructivism from the basic to advance level of study.