INVESTIGATION OF EFFECTS OF SOME LEARNING METHODS ON PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS’ SCIENTIFIC PROCESS AND CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS
Istanbul University (TURKEY)
About this paper:
Appears in: ICERI2014 Proceedings
Publication year: 2014
Page: 950 (abstract only)
Conference name: 7th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation
Dates: 17-19 November, 2014
Location: Seville, Spain
Abstract:The purpose of the study is to determine the effects of pre-service science teachers‟ scientific process and critical thinking skills on the Predict-Observation-Explain and Inquiry based strategies that have been applied to Science Education first grade pre- teachers at the General Physics-I Laboratory. In this study, the sample consists of the Science Education Department students that attended Physics-I Laboratory course during 2013-2014 Fall Semester at Istanbul University. The sample consists of 46 female and 9 male in total 55 pre-service teachers. The study‟s experimental groups‟ were assigned randomly and experimental group-1 contained 27, experimental group-2 contained 28 pre-service teachers. In the study, pretest-posttest without control group experimental design was used. In the study, Predict-Observation-Explain strategy was applied to experimental group-1 and Inquiry based strategy was applied to experimental group-2. In order to determine the effects of each strategy on pre-service teachers‟ critical thinking, California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory was used. In order to determine the effects of each strategy on pre-service teachers‟ scientific process skills, Scientific Process Skill Inventory was used. The inventories were applied to pre- service teachers as pre and posttests. Quantitative data were analyzed via SPSS.18 package program in digital platform. Descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, paired sample t-test, one way variance analysis (Anova) were used to analyze quantitative data, Tukey HSD was used to define the sources of sub-dimensions‟ significant differences.
The result of the study demonstrated that significant difference was not occurred statistically in pre-service teachers‟ scientific process skills and their sub-dimensions in the Laboratory courses in which Predict-Observation-Explain strategy was used; on the other hand, significant differences was occurred statistically in pre-service teachers‟ critical thinking skills and their sub-dimensions. In the laboratory courses in which inquiry based strategy was used, significant differences occurred in pre- service teachers‟ scientific process skills and critical thinking skills and their both sub-dimensions.
Keywords: Physics Education, POE, Inquiry Based Strategy, Scientific Process Skills, Critical Thinking Skills.