1 Chelyabinsk Institute of Retraining and Improvement of Professional Skill of Educators (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
2 Chechen State University (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
3 Chelyabinsk Secondary general education school No. 94 (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
About this paper:
Appears in: EDULEARN19 Proceedings
Publication year: 2019
Pages: 3294-3301
ISBN: 978-84-09-12031-4
ISSN: 2340-1117
doi: 10.21125/edulearn.2019.0888
Conference name: 11th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 1-3 July, 2019
Location: Palma, Spain
Nowadays, there is a need of large Russian enterprises, organizations of small and medium-sized businesses for qualified workers. This trend is determined by the need of the labor market, which exists in the conditions of transition of the Russian economy from the commodity exports to the production and refining activities. However, the prestige of blue-collar professions is declining among young people. Schoolchildren have distorted ideas about the content and nature of productive labor and the conditions of its implementation at modern industrial enterprises. As a result, modern Russian schoolchildren are indifferent to blue-collar professions during career guidance. Their plans are most often associated with the mastery of prestigious professions in the field of management, economic and legal segments. Therefore, it is necessary to develop new mechanisms for the career guidance of schoolchildren in order to meet the needs of the Russian economy in blue-collar workers. These mechanisms should be based on respect for the blue-collar professions, productive labor and workers.

The research is based on theoretical and conceptual provisions that reveal the nature of values and psychological patterns of human orientation in the world of values. The emphasis is on forming comprehensive ideas about the values of blue-collar professions, the ability to find attractive meanings in productive work. As a result, schoolchildren' knowledge of modern blue-collar professions is significantly increased. Career guidance technology of blue-collar professions for schoolchildren is described. It uses key resources of schoolchildren's living space and covers the whole period of school education. It is assumed that schoolchildren will get acquainted with various groups of professions (construction, service, mining, metallurgy, agriculture, forestry), as well as possible options for building a professional career. The world of values of blue-collar professions is exposed to the following scenario: personal qualities and requirements, types of activities, professional status in society, responsibility, difficulties and risks, level of education, social protection, and educational organizations for a profession. Involvement of schoolchildren in socially significant types of labor activities and acquisition of labor experience are practiced starting from the first grade. The technology also provides of active use of business resources, the media, and parents of schoolchildren to promote and improve the image of blue-collar professions.

Career guidance technology of blue-collar professions for schoolchildren was tested at School No. 94 (Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation). School forestry was established on the basis of the school. Therefore, the implementation of the technology was carried out with a focus on the blue-collar professions in the field of forestry. The authors of the article received data about the increase in the number of school leavers who continued their studies in secondary professional education institutions. More than a third of them have connected their future activities with forestry professions. The technology has proved to be highly effective and can be recommended for wide use in schools, primarily in industrial regions of the Russian Federation.
Blue-collar professions, productive labor, schoolchildren, values, professional career, labor activity, forestry, school forestry.