THE EPIDEMIC OF THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: OBESITY. KEYS TO FACE IT

N. Iglesias, R. Lucas, E. Galbis, M.V. de Paz

Universidad de Sevilla (SPAIN)
One of the biggest problems of the society in which we live is obesity. In fact, it is the most prevalent cardiometabolic disease in the world [1].

It is estimated that by the year 2025, one-fifth of the world's population will be obese. Thus, in Spain, 40% of the population is overweight and Andalusia, an autonomous community in which we will focus, is the third autonomous community in the ranking of overweight and obesity, behind Asturias and Galicia, according to data from the Nutrition Survey of the Spanish Population (ENPE).
In the last 15 years, the rate of obesity in Spain has increased by 9% in children and young people reaching a historical percentage of 22.8%. In addition, 4.7% of the population is morbidly obese.

It is important to highlight the link between of various diseases with obesity and overweight, such as diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and various coronary diseases that are closely related. It is worth noting the worsening of the quality of life, even creating limitations and provoking an increase in the care burden.

Due to this incidence, the authors have carried out a deep study of the curricula of different health-science degrees [2] and Masters in Andalusia (Medicine, Nursing and Pharmacy) looking for those subjects related to health and nutrition habits, in order to determine if health professionals finish their studies with a suitable profile to combat those epidemic maladies.

It seems that graduates from health sciences do not have the skills to face these food-related diseases. Consequently, in this study we propose some interventions to minimize their impact in society such as the launch of some specific training courses about nutrition, sports and health. Similarly, we also propose the development of dissemination sessions about these topics to ensure the right formation of this kind of students [3, 4].

References:
[1] http://www.efesalud.com/noticias/estudio-enpe-mas-del-60-de-los-espanoles-sufre-sobrepeso-y-obesidad/
[2] http://www.us.es/estudios/grados/index.html
[3] E. Galbis, M. V. de Paz, A. Alcudia, Experiences in cooperative groups focused on final degree projects in sciences, Proceedings of INTED2016 Conference, 7907-7914. ISBN: 978-84-608-5617-7.
[4] E. Galbis, M. V. de Paz, A. Alcudia, N. Iglesias, Science spreading across society. Research disclosure days for students of experimental sciences. Proceedings of INTED2017 Conference, 2843-2846. ISBN: 978-84-617-8491-2.