About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 1831-1838
Publication year: 2014
ISBN: 978-84-616-8412-0
ISSN: 2340-1079

Conference name: 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 10-12 March, 2014
Location: Valencia, Spain

ASSESSMENT OF LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES IN SELECTED RURAL AREAS IN SYRIA

K. Ibrahim, J. Mazancova

Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CZECH REPUBLIC)
The diversification of income sources becomes of major importance in rural areas since agriculture alone is unable to meet rural people’s needs. Aiming to assess the role of livelihoods strategies in rural development and poverty alleviation in selected areas in Syria, the present study discusses the role of income diversification in poverty reduction and income inequality. Using the asset-based approach as the main framework, qualitative and quantitative methods were employed for the purpose of this study. In addition to secondary data, primary data was collected in five rural areas in Syria, a sample of 444 households was chosen to represent five distinguished farming systems, and the interviews used a structured and comprehensive questionnaire. The results reveal that diversification of income sources is connected with the households status and endowments, poor households depends mainly on labor-intensive and low-waged activities, while non-poor households rely on their assets to engage in more profitable activities especially self-employment. The study also finds evidence that engaging in non-farm activities increases inequality among households and decreases poverty; the use of income decomposition analysis revealed that livestock and waged non-farm income are inequality-decreasing sources to overall income sources, while non-farm self-employment is inequality-increasing source of income. These results combined with findings from households’ asset description suggest that poor households lack the access to capitals (i.e. irrigated land, financial capital, etc) which means that it is important to focus on non-agricultural activities in order to become better-off. Moreover, results from econometric analysis evidently indicated that better education has a positive impact on poverty status as well. These results imply that the attainment of higher education level will move poor people out of poverty and improve their well-being.
@InProceedings{IBRAHIM2014ASS,
author = {Ibrahim, K. and Mazancova, J.},
title = {ASSESSMENT OF LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES IN SELECTED RURAL AREAS IN SYRIA},
series = {8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2014 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-616-8412-0},
issn = {2340-1079},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {10-12 March, 2014},
year = {2014},
pages = {1831-1838}}
TY - CONF
AU - K. Ibrahim AU - J. Mazancova
TI - ASSESSMENT OF LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES IN SELECTED RURAL AREAS IN SYRIA
SN - 978-84-616-8412-0/2340-1079
PY - 2014
Y1 - 10-12 March, 2014
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2014 Proceedings
SP - 1831
EP - 1838
ER -
K. Ibrahim, J. Mazancova (2014) ASSESSMENT OF LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES IN SELECTED RURAL AREAS IN SYRIA, INTED2014 Proceedings, pp. 1831-1838.
User:
Pass: