THE LEVEL OF IMPLEMENTATION OF LEARNER-CENTERED TEACHING IN THE CLASSROOM
Mindanao University of Science and Technology (PHILIPPINES)
About this paper:
Appears in: INTED2014 Proceedings
Publication year: 2014
Conference name: 8th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 10-12 March, 2014
Location: Valencia, Spain
Abstract:The learner-centered teaching approach provides opportunities for students to become responsible of their own learning by giving them the chance to explore and be engaged in their own learning process. With this, the study investigated and analyzed the extent of implementation of learner-centered teaching in the classroom.
The study was conducted to all English teachers and select First Year to Fourth Year high school classes. There were three classroom visitations for each teacher with a total of 30 classroom observations. These were observed by the researcher and the Vice-Principal for Academic Affairs. During the classroom observations, they used a checklist for learner-centered teaching approach with the Likert scale rating very much evident, often evident, rarely evident and not evident. After each round of visitation, there was a consensus evaluation regarding the ratings given to the teachers. There were also 900 students who rated their respective teachers using the same Likert scale in their level of implementation of learner-centered teaching in the classroom.
Bekele and Melesse’s (2010) framework on learner-centered approach in teaching students was used in the classroom observations as a tool in evaluating the English teachers. Using its framework on student-centered approach, to be engaged in learning, students will be given the chance to become active participants in the learning process by allowing them to clarify concepts, raise questions to seek for the truth, relate previous experiences to connect with new ideas, generate explanations and interpretations to process information, make use of instructional materials and activities to enhance learning and provide opportunities to assess themselves and others for their improvement. In this light, providing them with the opportunities to become responsible learners will equip them for college work, in their future careers and undertakings in life. Thus, an environment conducive for learning is just appropriate for students to become active learners.
With regard to the level of learner-centered teaching in the English classes as evaluated by the researcher with the Vice-Principal for Academic Affairs, in general, it was observed that the teachers’ level of implementation of learner-centered teaching was evident except in providing opportunities for learners to utilize new ideas and to process information which rated as less evident. For the students’ evaluation, majority of them rated that their teachers’ learner-centered teaching was evident. As shown in the results, it is highly encouraged for teachers to strengthen more and make use of students’ learning in a new paradigm for students to become critical thinkers and more engaged in their own learning.
Keywords: Learner-centered teaching.