FORMS OF EVALUATION OF PUPILS' PERFORMANCE WITHIN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS ENVIRONMENT IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

L. Herout

Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CZECH REPUBLIC)
Almost all human activities are intentional and conscious, by which given goals are achieved. Purposefulness, as one of the key elements of meaning of our existence, cannot exist without evaluation. This is done mainly by comparison of planned aims with the achieved ones. Thus, the evaluation is a very important part of human life. The evaluation is also one of the basic constituents and tools of education.

This paper approaches the evaluation at schools primarily from teacher's point of view. Their aims is to assess pupil's knowledge, skills and attitudes and to compare them with expected aims. In order to do so, the elementary school (ISCED 1-2) teachers currently have three basic methods – classification, oral assessment and their combination. This paper sees the issue of school evaluation from the viewpoint of final (summative) assessment of the pupils, or in other words, the evaluation at midterm and at the end of the school year.

This paper deals with theoretic foundations of the elementary school pupils' evaluation in the Czech Republic. In its theoretic part, it focuses on general foundations of school assessment, analysis of law regulations and mandatory curricular documents related to the issue of pupils' evaluation. This paper also contains practical part which maps the usage of the individual evaluation methods at selected elementary schools in the Czech Republic. The main research tools is a questionnaire intended for managerial staff of the elementary schools.