PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL CHILDREN: A CASE STUDY IN AUSTRALIAN SCHOOLS

C.N. Hashim1, M. Horne2

1Internationa Islamic University Malaysia (MALAYSIA)
2Australian Catholic University (AUSTRALIA)
This study examines the primary and secondary school students’ responses towards their parental involvement in their school related activities namely; volunteering, learning at home, communication, parenting and monitoring. Underpinning the Epstein framework of parental involvement, this study seeks to investigate the levels of parental involvement based on mother, father, both parents or siblings (others). A total of 800 questionnaires were distributed to primary and secondary school students in Melbourne, Australia. However, 401 primary and 376 secondary school students responded; and 12 teachers and four head teachers were selected for the interviews to triangulate the quantitative research. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to answer the research questions. This research has formulated five hypotheses with qualitative data to support the findings. Implications and future research are discussed.