SKILLS USE AMONG ROMANIAN RETURNED MIGRANTS

L. Grecu, A.M. Zamfir

National Sciantific Research Institute for Labour and Social Protection (ROMANIA)
Migration is an emergent phenomenon with multiple implications for individuals, communities and societies. Most of the studies consider migration as being permanent. However, many evidences show that migration is temporary in many cases. Some individuals are more likely to migrate and some migrants are more likely to return to their origin country (Borjas și Bratsberg, 1996). Returning decision is connected with many structural and individual factors, including the expected benefits at return. The study of returning migration was connected with the study of the relation between migration and economic development of the origin societies. This paper analysis data from a survey carried out in 2014 among Romanian returned migrants with the aim of exploring how skills acquired abroad are used in the national context. Collected data show that Romanian migrants consider that skills and knowledge gained during migration have contributed to both their professional and personal development after returning in the home country. This study applies decision trees method in order to uncover relations between personal characteristics of the migrants and benefits of migration for professional development of returnees. Our results indicate that education, age and area of residence predict in a significant manner the professional development of Romanian returned migrants based on the skills acquired abroad.