About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 1085-1093
Publication year: 2015
ISBN: 978-84-606-8243-1
ISSN: 2340-1117

Conference name: 7th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
Dates: 6-8 July, 2015
Location: Barcelona, Spain

ATTENTION AND THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES: TRAINING SOFTWARE FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

The objectives of the present investigation were to design and apply an intervention program with the aid of software to increment the attention levels on 6th grade public elementary school students. In this proposal a general overview of attention and its relation to learning, as well as the effects it has on the academic performance is presented. Likewise, the importance of researching and developing software which allow training the attention as a means to favor the learning processes is stated. The later is based on the premise that attention is the first step of the learning process (Wolfoolk, 2006), as it influences on setting and selecting priorities to process the information (León, 2008). On another aspect, 69% of students between 12 and 16 years display attention and concentration problems when studying (Paniagua, 2005). Given this situation, the computerized task has proven to be an effective tool to study the information processing (Martínez Jiménez, 2010). The investigation was performed under a quantitative behavioral model where the measurements were taken before and after the intervention to establish the effectiveness of software use applying the attention test d2. In the 13 attention training sessions, 8 students participated, working with the grid application.

This software can be used to assess and train six types of attention:
(1) Selective or focal attention,
(2) Attention displacement between visual hemifields,
(3) Serial attention,
(4) Divided (dual or shared) attention,
(5) Sustained attention, or attention capacity, or concentration, or surveillance and
(6) Inhibition.

The software is a Windows desktop application which works in the .NET platform, using C# programming language inside Visual Studio programming environment. The grid can have between 1 and 15 rows and columns; they can support numbers, colors, letters, images, alphabetical characters and wingdings; besides, it allows to program the randomness of the stimuli, a preliminary task presentation, timing, matching options, and disrupting stimuli (visual or hearable) (Hernández Mendo, Martínez Jiménez, Pastrana Brincones y Morales Sánchez, 2012). Prior to the training, the participants obtained percentile scores between 1 and 10; after the training, an increment between 10 and 45 percentile scores was reached. The data were analyzed by the Wilcoxon test confirmed the increments were statistically significant. There were also significant increments in efficacy and effectiveness indexes at the beginning and at the end of the test with the grid software. There were no significant correlations between the improved attention and academic performance.
@InProceedings{GOROCICAGONGORA2015ATT,
author = {Gorocica G{\'{o}}ngora, E.S. and Duarte Brice{\~n}o, E. and Espejel L{\'{o}}pez, M.V. and Aguayo Chan, J.C.},
title = {ATTENTION AND THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES: TRAINING SOFTWARE FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS},
series = {7th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies},
booktitle = {EDULEARN15 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-606-8243-1},
issn = {2340-1117},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Barcelona, Spain},
month = {6-8 July, 2015},
year = {2015},
pages = {1085-1093}}
TY - CONF
AU - E.S. Gorocica Góngora AU - E. Duarte Briceño AU - M.V. Espejel López AU - J.C. Aguayo Chan
TI - ATTENTION AND THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES: TRAINING SOFTWARE FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
SN - 978-84-606-8243-1/2340-1117
PY - 2015
Y1 - 6-8 July, 2015
CI - Barcelona, Spain
JO - 7th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies
JA - EDULEARN15 Proceedings
SP - 1085
EP - 1093
ER -
E.S. Gorocica Góngora, E. Duarte Briceño, M.V. Espejel López, J.C. Aguayo Chan (2015) ATTENTION AND THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES: TRAINING SOFTWARE FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS, EDULEARN15 Proceedings, pp. 1085-1093.
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