AN APPROACH FOR ONLINE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES TRAINING

E. Goranova, A. Kolev

'Angel Kanchev' Unirersity of Ruse, Silistra Branch (BULGARIA)
The preparation of students for future teachers of computer science and physics in the conditions of online training in schools is a challenge for university professors. Students have to conduct online practical pedagogical activities such as teacher-training practice and pre-graduation pedagogical practice. Students have to be prepared for their professional realization in schools in the conditions of online learning. A new phenomenon has emerged - digital pedagogy. It requires mastering platforms for synchronous e-learning and the use of e-learning objects. The pedagogical design of online e-learning should become as close as possible to the pedagogical design of face-to-face learning in traditional classrooms. All didactic tasks from a classic lesson such as developing the curriculum, forming skills, performing tasks for independent work, testing and assessment of knowledge and skills must be performed during the online learning in information technologies.

We use the following approach for solving this challenge:
• we clarify the essence of the concept of pedagogical design;
• we clarify the possibilities of Office 365 applications - Teams, OneDrive, Forms, Sway for conducting e-lessons for synchronous learning in a remote environment. Office 365 applications are widely used in Bulgarian schools and for this reason future teachers are trained to work with them;
• we clarify the possibility of e-lessons also to be provided for asynchronous learning with various digital devices - computers, tablets or smart phones.

We comment on the results achieved such as the degree of compliance between the achieved pedagogical design of the online learning and the the pedagogical design of face-to-face learning in traditional classrooms. We analyze the limitations of the classic didactic tasks when they are performed with digital tools for online learning and look for an approach to compensate these limitations.