About this paper

Appears in:
Pages: 5581-5590
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-617-8491-2
ISSN: 2340-1079
doi: 10.21125/inted.2017.1302

Conference name: 11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Dates: 6-8 March, 2017
Location: Valencia, Spain

THE METAPHOR AS AN INDUCTIVE METHODOLOGY OF LEARNING STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS: COLLECTIVE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF PAPER STRUCTURES

F. Gómez-Martínez, D. Gallardo Llopis, S. Borcha Vila

Polytechnic University of Valencia (SPAIN)
For more than twenty years, the School of Architecture of the Polytechnic University of Valencia proposes a full-practical course on structural design in order to complement the theoretical background, providing quite satisfactory results. This special subject is formulated as a “metaphor” of the whole process of structural design and construction, following an inductive methodology in which most of the knowledge is obtained after the analysis of many different cases and trial-and-error tests within a “project-based learning” framework. The scope is to design and build up different structures, made of average paper sheets and loaded with single masonry bricks, which must reach different targets: resistance up to and no more than a certain load, homogeneous safety factor across the structure, absence of global instability, minimum amount of material or formal intention. Behaviour of paper as a structural material could be somehow assimilated to steel in the real practice: modular construction, thin-wall hollow sections, specific solution of joints, hinging, load concentration along edges, poorer performance in compression than in tension, local buckling of flanges, difficulty of warrant global stability, geometric tolerances, etc. Large working groups –up to 10 students— are chosen in order to provoke disagreement and to reveal weaknesses regarding the nature of each component. A three-step learning method is followed: “build without design”, “design without build” and “re-design after build”. Aimed at recreating the real process, the construction of the specimens is carried out by a different team from the one who designs it, thus requiring some “site management”. Finally, evaluation of specimens is reciprocal between the students, which increases their critic judgement abilities. Such a course makes the students aware of all the consequences of their design choices, especially regarding economy or fabrication, within a very powerful atmosphere of creativity, healthy competitiveness and knowledge sharing culture.
@InProceedings{GOMEZMARTINEZ2017MET,
author = {G{\'{o}}mez-Mart{\'{i}}nez, F. and Gallardo Llopis, D. and Borcha Vila, S.},
title = {THE METAPHOR AS AN INDUCTIVE METHODOLOGY OF LEARNING STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS: COLLECTIVE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF PAPER STRUCTURES},
series = {11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference},
booktitle = {INTED2017 Proceedings},
isbn = {978-84-617-8491-2},
issn = {2340-1079},
doi = {10.21125/inted.2017.1302},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21125/inted.2017.1302},
publisher = {IATED},
location = {Valencia, Spain},
month = {6-8 March, 2017},
year = {2017},
pages = {5581-5590}}
TY - CONF
AU - F. Gómez-Martínez AU - D. Gallardo Llopis AU - S. Borcha Vila
TI - THE METAPHOR AS AN INDUCTIVE METHODOLOGY OF LEARNING STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS: COLLECTIVE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF PAPER STRUCTURES
SN - 978-84-617-8491-2/2340-1079
DO - 10.21125/inted.2017.1302
PY - 2017
Y1 - 6-8 March, 2017
CI - Valencia, Spain
JO - 11th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
JA - INTED2017 Proceedings
SP - 5581
EP - 5590
ER -
F. Gómez-Martínez, D. Gallardo Llopis, S. Borcha Vila (2017) THE METAPHOR AS AN INDUCTIVE METHODOLOGY OF LEARNING STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS: COLLECTIVE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF PAPER STRUCTURES, INTED2017 Proceedings, pp. 5581-5590.
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